Global thinking in effective global organizations: A proposed framework

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Authentic global thinking requires respect for the enormous diversity of thinking and the continual creative development of diverse traditions, through dialogue and also through the fresh eyes of each new generation. Global co-evolutionary processes link individuals, societies and environments in complex ways for the creation and maintenance of "shadow spaces" of hegemonic thinking which is unique and innovative in its creativity. Hegemonic thinking can be characterized by "single-loop" learning or ideological thinking to achieve pre-defined goals. To actively seek to become attuned to the co-evolutionary sustaining of diversity and innovation for the full development of human life, there is a requirement to question goals and so to engage in "double-loop" learning. Organizations need to consider that learning systems engaged in not only "double-loop" learning of questioning goals but also of transforming goals and processes in accordance with an ethical vision of respect for all lives or "triple-loop" learning. This study attempts to explain the "triple-loop" learnings that requires the trust and autonomy of individuals and teams and thus allowing optimal synergies to emerge within organizations. Organizations can comprise of multiple "shadow spaces" of unique "triple-loop" learning innovation as well as adaptive structures of "double-loop" learning. Moreover, the "shadow spaces" can at best also become sites for mutual learning between multiple cultures. Key to "triple-loop" learning is the skill of acculturation whereby a person can be grounded in their ancestral culture, whilst also constructively, engaging with other cultures to synergize innovation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8360-8364
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Issue numberSpecialissue8
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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