Gel combustion synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles

N. N.H. Shah, Halina Misran, N. A.A. Razak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Zinc oxide nanoparticles were successfully synthesized using gel combustion synthesis route. Zinc nitrate was used as oxidant and palm oil derived fatty alcohol (C8 - octyl alcohol) as well as glycerol functioned as organic dispersants and fuel. The materials were directly mixed and heated until combustion creating zinc oxide/carbon composite. The resulting X-ray diffraction patterns of ZnO nanoparticles were well indexed to the hexagonal phase with wurtzite structure. Additional peaks were not detected in XRD patterns suggesting that no other phases were formed during the combustion synthesis. FE-SEM images of the calcined sample using glycerol as fuel exhibited elongated spindle-like shapes consisted of nanoparticles at ca. 100 nm. In addition, EDX analyses showed that peaks of zinc and oxygen existed suggesting that pure zinc oxide was formed successfully using the new gel combustion method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-69
Number of pages4
JournalMalaysian Journal of Microscopy
Volume9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2013

Fingerprint

Zinc Oxide
combustion synthesis
Combustion synthesis
Zinc oxide
zinc oxides
Nanoparticles
Gels
gels
glycerols
Glycerol
nanoparticles
alcohols
Zinc
zinc
Fatty Alcohols
Octanols
Palm oil
spindles
Oxidants
X-Ray Diffraction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Shah, N. N.H. ; Misran, Halina ; Razak, N. A.A. / Gel combustion synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles. In: Malaysian Journal of Microscopy. 2013 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 66-69.
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Gel combustion synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles. / Shah, N. N.H.; Misran, Halina; Razak, N. A.A.

In: Malaysian Journal of Microscopy, Vol. 9, No. 1, 01.01.2013, p. 66-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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