Fuel additive that cuts emission and increases brake power in a small bio-fuel diesel engine

M. A. Kalam, H. H. Masjuki, M. Syazly, M. Redzuan, H. Ramang, T.m. Indra Mahlia

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

This paper presents experimental test results of a diesel engine using additive added bio Diesel oil obtained from palm oil. The test results obtained are brake power, specific fuel consumption (SFC) and exhaust emissions. In addition, antiwear characteristics of fuel's contaminated lubricants were observed using a tribometer test. A computer control dynamometer-engine test bed was used to measure engine brake power and SFC at half throttle condition with speed range of 1000 rpm to 4000 rpm. The emission test was done with dynamometer fixed load of 50 Nm and constant engine speed of 2250 rpm. A total of three fuels or 100% diesel fuel (B0); 20% palm oil diesel (POD) and 80% B0 (B20); and B20 with X% additive (B20X) were selected for this investigation. The B20X is the additive added bio Diesel oil where X is the percentage (in this investigation X=1% of B20) of additive in B20 fuel. Anti wear characteristics in terms of coefficient of friction, wear scar diameter and flash temperature parameter (FTP) of fuel's contaminated lubricants were measured using a tribometer test. It was found that B20X fuel showed better overall performance such as cut emissions and increased engine brake power as well as increased anti-wear characteristics as compared to other test fuels. The specific objective of this investigation is to improve the performance of B20 fuel with an antioxidant additive. Detailed results have been presented with discussions.

Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2006
EventSAE 2006 Small Engine Technology Conference and Exhibition, SETC 2006 - San Antonio, United States
Duration: 13 Nov 200616 Nov 2006

Other

OtherSAE 2006 Small Engine Technology Conference and Exhibition, SETC 2006
CountryUnited States
CitySan Antonio
Period13/11/0616/11/06

Fingerprint

Fuel additives
Brakes
Diesel engines
Engines
Palm oil
Dynamometers
Wear of materials
Biodiesel
Fuel consumption
Lubricants
Computer control
Diesel fuels
Antioxidants
Friction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Kalam, M. A., Masjuki, H. H., Syazly, M., Redzuan, M., Ramang, H., & Mahlia, T. M. I. (2006). Fuel additive that cuts emission and increases brake power in a small bio-fuel diesel engine. Paper presented at SAE 2006 Small Engine Technology Conference and Exhibition, SETC 2006, San Antonio, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/2006-32-0074
Kalam, M. A. ; Masjuki, H. H. ; Syazly, M. ; Redzuan, M. ; Ramang, H. ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra. / Fuel additive that cuts emission and increases brake power in a small bio-fuel diesel engine. Paper presented at SAE 2006 Small Engine Technology Conference and Exhibition, SETC 2006, San Antonio, United States.
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abstract = "This paper presents experimental test results of a diesel engine using additive added bio Diesel oil obtained from palm oil. The test results obtained are brake power, specific fuel consumption (SFC) and exhaust emissions. In addition, antiwear characteristics of fuel's contaminated lubricants were observed using a tribometer test. A computer control dynamometer-engine test bed was used to measure engine brake power and SFC at half throttle condition with speed range of 1000 rpm to 4000 rpm. The emission test was done with dynamometer fixed load of 50 Nm and constant engine speed of 2250 rpm. A total of three fuels or 100{\%} diesel fuel (B0); 20{\%} palm oil diesel (POD) and 80{\%} B0 (B20); and B20 with X{\%} additive (B20X) were selected for this investigation. The B20X is the additive added bio Diesel oil where X is the percentage (in this investigation X=1{\%} of B20) of additive in B20 fuel. Anti wear characteristics in terms of coefficient of friction, wear scar diameter and flash temperature parameter (FTP) of fuel's contaminated lubricants were measured using a tribometer test. It was found that B20X fuel showed better overall performance such as cut emissions and increased engine brake power as well as increased anti-wear characteristics as compared to other test fuels. The specific objective of this investigation is to improve the performance of B20 fuel with an antioxidant additive. Detailed results have been presented with discussions.",
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Kalam, MA, Masjuki, HH, Syazly, M, Redzuan, M, Ramang, H & Mahlia, TMI 2006, 'Fuel additive that cuts emission and increases brake power in a small bio-fuel diesel engine' Paper presented at SAE 2006 Small Engine Technology Conference and Exhibition, SETC 2006, San Antonio, United States, 13/11/06 - 16/11/06, . https://doi.org/10.4271/2006-32-0074

Fuel additive that cuts emission and increases brake power in a small bio-fuel diesel engine. / Kalam, M. A.; Masjuki, H. H.; Syazly, M.; Redzuan, M.; Ramang, H.; Mahlia, T.m. Indra.

2006. Paper presented at SAE 2006 Small Engine Technology Conference and Exhibition, SETC 2006, San Antonio, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Fuel additive that cuts emission and increases brake power in a small bio-fuel diesel engine

AU - Kalam, M. A.

AU - Masjuki, H. H.

AU - Syazly, M.

AU - Redzuan, M.

AU - Ramang, H.

AU - Mahlia, T.m. Indra

PY - 2006/11/13

Y1 - 2006/11/13

N2 - This paper presents experimental test results of a diesel engine using additive added bio Diesel oil obtained from palm oil. The test results obtained are brake power, specific fuel consumption (SFC) and exhaust emissions. In addition, antiwear characteristics of fuel's contaminated lubricants were observed using a tribometer test. A computer control dynamometer-engine test bed was used to measure engine brake power and SFC at half throttle condition with speed range of 1000 rpm to 4000 rpm. The emission test was done with dynamometer fixed load of 50 Nm and constant engine speed of 2250 rpm. A total of three fuels or 100% diesel fuel (B0); 20% palm oil diesel (POD) and 80% B0 (B20); and B20 with X% additive (B20X) were selected for this investigation. The B20X is the additive added bio Diesel oil where X is the percentage (in this investigation X=1% of B20) of additive in B20 fuel. Anti wear characteristics in terms of coefficient of friction, wear scar diameter and flash temperature parameter (FTP) of fuel's contaminated lubricants were measured using a tribometer test. It was found that B20X fuel showed better overall performance such as cut emissions and increased engine brake power as well as increased anti-wear characteristics as compared to other test fuels. The specific objective of this investigation is to improve the performance of B20 fuel with an antioxidant additive. Detailed results have been presented with discussions.

AB - This paper presents experimental test results of a diesel engine using additive added bio Diesel oil obtained from palm oil. The test results obtained are brake power, specific fuel consumption (SFC) and exhaust emissions. In addition, antiwear characteristics of fuel's contaminated lubricants were observed using a tribometer test. A computer control dynamometer-engine test bed was used to measure engine brake power and SFC at half throttle condition with speed range of 1000 rpm to 4000 rpm. The emission test was done with dynamometer fixed load of 50 Nm and constant engine speed of 2250 rpm. A total of three fuels or 100% diesel fuel (B0); 20% palm oil diesel (POD) and 80% B0 (B20); and B20 with X% additive (B20X) were selected for this investigation. The B20X is the additive added bio Diesel oil where X is the percentage (in this investigation X=1% of B20) of additive in B20 fuel. Anti wear characteristics in terms of coefficient of friction, wear scar diameter and flash temperature parameter (FTP) of fuel's contaminated lubricants were measured using a tribometer test. It was found that B20X fuel showed better overall performance such as cut emissions and increased engine brake power as well as increased anti-wear characteristics as compared to other test fuels. The specific objective of this investigation is to improve the performance of B20 fuel with an antioxidant additive. Detailed results have been presented with discussions.

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M3 - Paper

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Kalam MA, Masjuki HH, Syazly M, Redzuan M, Ramang H, Mahlia TMI. Fuel additive that cuts emission and increases brake power in a small bio-fuel diesel engine. 2006. Paper presented at SAE 2006 Small Engine Technology Conference and Exhibition, SETC 2006, San Antonio, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/2006-32-0074