Flux residue cleaning process optimization effect on Flip Chip Ball Grid Array reliability

Boon Kar Yap, Noor Azrma Tahk, Foong Chee Seng, Leong Hung Yang, R. Vithyacharan, Tan Chou Yong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper discusses the evaluation and characterizations of the cleaning the organic residues on Flip Chip Ceramic Ball Grid Array (FCCBGA) package. Flux used for Control Collapse Chip Connection (C4) die attachment during assemblies could remain on the die surface as organic residues, thus affecting the integrated circuit performance. Therefore, the effect of implementation flux-cleaning process on the die cleanliness was evaluated. Design of Experiments (DOE) for cleaning chemical parameters using water-based solvents was carried out to investigate the flux-cleaning efficiency. The response for the experiments conducted was die surface cleanliness. The presence and levels of contaminations would be analyzed and characterized using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Ion chromatography (IC). The optimization process required the integration between mechanical and chemical parameters. Chemical cleaning parameters optimization was aided with Micro Phase Cleaning (MPC) as solvent. Wash temperature and solvent concentration were varied to find the optimal cleaning. Whilst for mechanical parameters, washing pressure, and nozzle orientation are the expected parameters that would give impact to the cleaning process. From the experiments, the cleaning process is optimized with 3% of MPC solvent added into the pure DI water with longer wash exposure time 0.3 m/mm at 10 Psi with 75°C. The optimization result is proven with thermal cycle testing where no delammation or voids are detected even after 2500x.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012
Pages608-613
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2012
Event2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 05 Dec 201207 Dec 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012

Other

Other2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012
CountrySingapore
CitySingapore
Period05/12/1207/12/12

Fingerprint

Ball grid arrays
Cleaning
Fluxes
Chemical cleaning
Ion chromatography
Water
Washing
Design of experiments
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Integrated circuits
Nozzles
Contamination
Electron microscopes
Experiments
Scanning
Testing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Yap, B. K., Tahk, N. A., Seng, F. C., Yang, L. H., Vithyacharan, R., & Yong, T. C. (2012). Flux residue cleaning process optimization effect on Flip Chip Ball Grid Array reliability. In Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012 (pp. 608-613). [6507154] (Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012). https://doi.org/10.1109/EPTC.2012.6507154
Yap, Boon Kar ; Tahk, Noor Azrma ; Seng, Foong Chee ; Yang, Leong Hung ; Vithyacharan, R. ; Yong, Tan Chou. / Flux residue cleaning process optimization effect on Flip Chip Ball Grid Array reliability. Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012. 2012. pp. 608-613 (Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012).
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abstract = "This paper discusses the evaluation and characterizations of the cleaning the organic residues on Flip Chip Ceramic Ball Grid Array (FCCBGA) package. Flux used for Control Collapse Chip Connection (C4) die attachment during assemblies could remain on the die surface as organic residues, thus affecting the integrated circuit performance. Therefore, the effect of implementation flux-cleaning process on the die cleanliness was evaluated. Design of Experiments (DOE) for cleaning chemical parameters using water-based solvents was carried out to investigate the flux-cleaning efficiency. The response for the experiments conducted was die surface cleanliness. The presence and levels of contaminations would be analyzed and characterized using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Ion chromatography (IC). The optimization process required the integration between mechanical and chemical parameters. Chemical cleaning parameters optimization was aided with Micro Phase Cleaning (MPC) as solvent. Wash temperature and solvent concentration were varied to find the optimal cleaning. Whilst for mechanical parameters, washing pressure, and nozzle orientation are the expected parameters that would give impact to the cleaning process. From the experiments, the cleaning process is optimized with 3{\%} of MPC solvent added into the pure DI water with longer wash exposure time 0.3 m/mm at 10 Psi with 75°C. The optimization result is proven with thermal cycle testing where no delammation or voids are detected even after 2500x.",
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Yap, BK, Tahk, NA, Seng, FC, Yang, LH, Vithyacharan, R & Yong, TC 2012, Flux residue cleaning process optimization effect on Flip Chip Ball Grid Array reliability. in Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012., 6507154, Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012, pp. 608-613, 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012, Singapore, Singapore, 05/12/12. https://doi.org/10.1109/EPTC.2012.6507154

Flux residue cleaning process optimization effect on Flip Chip Ball Grid Array reliability. / Yap, Boon Kar; Tahk, Noor Azrma; Seng, Foong Chee; Yang, Leong Hung; Vithyacharan, R.; Yong, Tan Chou.

Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012. 2012. p. 608-613 6507154 (Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Yap BK, Tahk NA, Seng FC, Yang LH, Vithyacharan R, Yong TC. Flux residue cleaning process optimization effect on Flip Chip Ball Grid Array reliability. In Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012. 2012. p. 608-613. 6507154. (Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 14th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference, EPTC 2012). https://doi.org/10.1109/EPTC.2012.6507154