Fabrication and performances of microencapsulated palmitic acid with enhanced thermal properties

Sara Tahan Latibari, Mohammad Mehrali, Mehdi Mehrali, T.m. Indra Mahlia, Hendrik Simon Cornelis Metselaar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study focuses on the synthesis of microencapsulated phase change materials (MEPCMs), consisting of a palmitic acid (PA) core within an aluminum hydroxide oxide (Al 2 O 3 ·xH 2 O) shell, using a sol-gel method. Aluminum isopropoxide (AIP) was used as a precursor for the aluminum hydroxide oxide shell. The MEPCMs were synthesized using four different weight ratios of PA/AIP. The effects of the PA/AIP weight ratio on the encapsulation characteristics and thermal properties of the MEPCMs have been investigated. The microcapsules were spherically shaped with an average diameter of 1.689-3.730 μm. Encapsulated PA confirmed the outstanding phase-change performance with specific heat and thermal stability enhancement. The final results suggested that the weight ratio of PA/AIP has an important effect on the morphology, encapsulation efficiency, and durability of the MEPCMs. A higher weight ratio of AIP/PA led to a smaller diameter size with enhanced thermal conductivity, thermal effusivity, and thermal stability of the MEPCMs. The thermal conductivity of PA microcapsules was considerably increased because of the fabrication of a thermally conductive aluminum hydroxide oxide shell. It can be concluded that the prepared MEPCMs employ an excellent energy storage potential because of their ideal latent heat, high thermal conductivity, and thermal stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1010-1018
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2015

Fingerprint

Palmitic acid
Palmitic Acid
Phase change materials
Thermodynamic properties
Aluminum
Fabrication
Hydrated alumina
Thermal conductivity
Thermodynamic stability
Encapsulation
Oxides
Capsules
Latent heat
Energy storage
Sol-gel process
Specific heat
Durability

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Latibari, Sara Tahan ; Mehrali, Mohammad ; Mehrali, Mehdi ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra ; Metselaar, Hendrik Simon Cornelis. / Fabrication and performances of microencapsulated palmitic acid with enhanced thermal properties. In: Energy and Fuels. 2015 ; Vol. 29, No. 2. pp. 1010-1018.
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Fabrication and performances of microencapsulated palmitic acid with enhanced thermal properties. / Latibari, Sara Tahan; Mehrali, Mohammad; Mehrali, Mehdi; Mahlia, T.m. Indra; Metselaar, Hendrik Simon Cornelis.

In: Energy and Fuels, Vol. 29, No. 2, 19.02.2015, p. 1010-1018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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