Extraction of ferum from coal bottom ash using acid soluble and ion exchange leaching method

Nur Liyana Mohd Kamal, Zarina Itam, Agusril Syamsir, Salmia Beddu, D. Muhammad, A. F.A. Latif, Z. A.A. Hamid, N. A. Razak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Coal Bottom Ash (CBA) is a solid residue produced by coal-fired power plants. In Malaysia, seven power plants under Tenaga Nasional Malaysia continuously produce around 790 tons of CBA per day. Research found that CBA is composed of Ferric Oxide (Fe2O), Aluminum Oxide (Al2O), Calcium Oxide (Ca2O), and Sulphur Trioxide (SO3) in form of insoluble metal oxides. Many of these metals and their oxides are environmentally hazardous. When the CBA is disposed in landfills, the metal oxides are leached out and find their way into potable water and into animal and plantations. Disposal of the unused CBA is costly and poses financial disadvantages to power station and to the environment. However, the metals contained inside the CBA may be valuable to various industry if there is a way to extract the metals out of the CBA. By using the Acid Soluble (AS) and Ion Exchangeable (IE) methods, it was shown that Ferum could be effectively extracted by using Ion Exchangeable (IE) method compared to Acid Soluble (AS) by using citric acid.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Design and Manufacture
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018
EditorsMuhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir, Romisuhani Ahmad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad, Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Liyana Binti Jamaludin
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417526
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09 Nov 2018
Event4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018 - Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
Duration: 29 Apr 201830 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2030
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018
CountryViet Nam
CityHo Chi Minh
Period29/04/1830/04/18

Fingerprint

bottom ash
ion exchange
leaching
ashes
coal
acids
acid
metals
ions
oxides
Malaysia
power plants
methodology
metal
power plant
metal oxides
oxide
potable water
calcium oxide
landfills

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Mohd Kamal, N. L., Itam, Z., Syamsir, A., Beddu, S., Muhammad, D., Latif, A. F. A., ... Razak, N. A. (2018). Extraction of ferum from coal bottom ash using acid soluble and ion exchange leaching method. In M. F. B. M. Tahir, R. Ahmad, M. N. B. M. Saad, M. F. B. Ghazli, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, S. Z. B. A. Rahim, & L. B. Jamaludin (Eds.), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018 [020258] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066899
Mohd Kamal, Nur Liyana ; Itam, Zarina ; Syamsir, Agusril ; Beddu, Salmia ; Muhammad, D. ; Latif, A. F.A. ; Hamid, Z. A.A. ; Razak, N. A. / Extraction of ferum from coal bottom ash using acid soluble and ion exchange leaching method. Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. editor / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir ; Romisuhani Ahmad ; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad ; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli ; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim ; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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title = "Extraction of ferum from coal bottom ash using acid soluble and ion exchange leaching method",
abstract = "Coal Bottom Ash (CBA) is a solid residue produced by coal-fired power plants. In Malaysia, seven power plants under Tenaga Nasional Malaysia continuously produce around 790 tons of CBA per day. Research found that CBA is composed of Ferric Oxide (Fe2O), Aluminum Oxide (Al2O), Calcium Oxide (Ca2O), and Sulphur Trioxide (SO3) in form of insoluble metal oxides. Many of these metals and their oxides are environmentally hazardous. When the CBA is disposed in landfills, the metal oxides are leached out and find their way into potable water and into animal and plantations. Disposal of the unused CBA is costly and poses financial disadvantages to power station and to the environment. However, the metals contained inside the CBA may be valuable to various industry if there is a way to extract the metals out of the CBA. By using the Acid Soluble (AS) and Ion Exchangeable (IE) methods, it was shown that Ferum could be effectively extracted by using Ion Exchangeable (IE) method compared to Acid Soluble (AS) by using citric acid.",
author = "{Mohd Kamal}, {Nur Liyana} and Zarina Itam and Agusril Syamsir and Salmia Beddu and D. Muhammad and Latif, {A. F.A.} and Hamid, {Z. A.A.} and Razak, {N. A.}",
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month = "11",
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Mohd Kamal, NL, Itam, Z, Syamsir, A, Beddu, S, Muhammad, D, Latif, AFA, Hamid, ZAA & Razak, NA 2018, Extraction of ferum from coal bottom ash using acid soluble and ion exchange leaching method. in MFBM Tahir, R Ahmad, MNBM Saad, MFB Ghazli, MMA-B Abdullah, SZBA Rahim & LB Jamaludin (eds), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018., 020258, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2030, American Institute of Physics Inc., 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 29/04/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066899

Extraction of ferum from coal bottom ash using acid soluble and ion exchange leaching method. / Mohd Kamal, Nur Liyana; Itam, Zarina; Syamsir, Agusril; Beddu, Salmia; Muhammad, D.; Latif, A. F.A.; Hamid, Z. A.A.; Razak, N. A.

Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. ed. / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir; Romisuhani Ahmad; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020258 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Extraction of ferum from coal bottom ash using acid soluble and ion exchange leaching method

AU - Mohd Kamal, Nur Liyana

AU - Itam, Zarina

AU - Syamsir, Agusril

AU - Beddu, Salmia

AU - Muhammad, D.

AU - Latif, A. F.A.

AU - Hamid, Z. A.A.

AU - Razak, N. A.

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N2 - Coal Bottom Ash (CBA) is a solid residue produced by coal-fired power plants. In Malaysia, seven power plants under Tenaga Nasional Malaysia continuously produce around 790 tons of CBA per day. Research found that CBA is composed of Ferric Oxide (Fe2O), Aluminum Oxide (Al2O), Calcium Oxide (Ca2O), and Sulphur Trioxide (SO3) in form of insoluble metal oxides. Many of these metals and their oxides are environmentally hazardous. When the CBA is disposed in landfills, the metal oxides are leached out and find their way into potable water and into animal and plantations. Disposal of the unused CBA is costly and poses financial disadvantages to power station and to the environment. However, the metals contained inside the CBA may be valuable to various industry if there is a way to extract the metals out of the CBA. By using the Acid Soluble (AS) and Ion Exchangeable (IE) methods, it was shown that Ferum could be effectively extracted by using Ion Exchangeable (IE) method compared to Acid Soluble (AS) by using citric acid.

AB - Coal Bottom Ash (CBA) is a solid residue produced by coal-fired power plants. In Malaysia, seven power plants under Tenaga Nasional Malaysia continuously produce around 790 tons of CBA per day. Research found that CBA is composed of Ferric Oxide (Fe2O), Aluminum Oxide (Al2O), Calcium Oxide (Ca2O), and Sulphur Trioxide (SO3) in form of insoluble metal oxides. Many of these metals and their oxides are environmentally hazardous. When the CBA is disposed in landfills, the metal oxides are leached out and find their way into potable water and into animal and plantations. Disposal of the unused CBA is costly and poses financial disadvantages to power station and to the environment. However, the metals contained inside the CBA may be valuable to various industry if there is a way to extract the metals out of the CBA. By using the Acid Soluble (AS) and Ion Exchangeable (IE) methods, it was shown that Ferum could be effectively extracted by using Ion Exchangeable (IE) method compared to Acid Soluble (AS) by using citric acid.

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M3 - Conference contribution

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A2 - Tahir, Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd

A2 - Ahmad, Romisuhani

A2 - Saad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat

A2 - Ghazli, Mohd Fathullah Bin

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PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -

Mohd Kamal NL, Itam Z, Syamsir A, Beddu S, Muhammad D, Latif AFA et al. Extraction of ferum from coal bottom ash using acid soluble and ion exchange leaching method. In Tahir MFBM, Ahmad R, Saad MNBM, Ghazli MFB, Abdullah MMA-B, Rahim SZBA, Jamaludin LB, editors, Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020258. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066899