Experimental analysis of using beeswax as phase change materials for limiting temperature rise in building integrated photovoltaics

Razali Thaib, Samsul Rizal, Hamdani, T.m. Indra Mahlia, Nugroho Agung Pambudi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Indonesia has the potential of saving from 10% to 30% of energy in the commercial sector which consists of trade, hotels, restaurants, finances, government agencies, schools, hospitals, and communications. By simultaneously serving as building envelope material and power generator, BIPV systems can represent savings in the cost of materials and electricity. It reduce the use of fossil fuels and emission of ozone depleting gases, and also add architectural interest to buildings. However, the temperature rise poses a challenge for BIPV, given that it manifests itself in electrical efficiency and overheating. The experiments present in this study aim at understanding the behavior of the PV-PCM systems in realistic outdoor uncontrolled conditions to determine how effective they are. In addition, the PV-PCM systems were tried in the low latitude and hot climate of Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Experiments were conducted outdoors at the Engineering Faculty in Syiah Kuala University, located in Banda Aceh, Indonesia (05:57 N, 95.37 E). In this study, both paraffin wax and beeswax were used as a phase change material. The final results showed that the electrical efficiency of PV panels without PCM is ranged between 6.1% and 6.5%. While for PV panels with PCM the efficiency is ranged at 7.0-7.8%. This proved that the process of water cooling is capable of increasing the efficiency of PV panels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-227
Number of pages5
JournalCase Studies in Thermal Engineering
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sep 2018

Fingerprint

Phase change materials
Pulse code modulation
Paraffin waxes
Temperature
Hotels
Ozone
Cooling water
Finance
Fossil fuels
Electricity
Gases
Experiments
beeswax
Communication
Costs
acetone hydrazone

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

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title = "Experimental analysis of using beeswax as phase change materials for limiting temperature rise in building integrated photovoltaics",
abstract = "Indonesia has the potential of saving from 10{\%} to 30{\%} of energy in the commercial sector which consists of trade, hotels, restaurants, finances, government agencies, schools, hospitals, and communications. By simultaneously serving as building envelope material and power generator, BIPV systems can represent savings in the cost of materials and electricity. It reduce the use of fossil fuels and emission of ozone depleting gases, and also add architectural interest to buildings. However, the temperature rise poses a challenge for BIPV, given that it manifests itself in electrical efficiency and overheating. The experiments present in this study aim at understanding the behavior of the PV-PCM systems in realistic outdoor uncontrolled conditions to determine how effective they are. In addition, the PV-PCM systems were tried in the low latitude and hot climate of Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Experiments were conducted outdoors at the Engineering Faculty in Syiah Kuala University, located in Banda Aceh, Indonesia (05:57 N, 95.37 E). In this study, both paraffin wax and beeswax were used as a phase change material. The final results showed that the electrical efficiency of PV panels without PCM is ranged between 6.1{\%} and 6.5{\%}. While for PV panels with PCM the efficiency is ranged at 7.0-7.8{\%}. This proved that the process of water cooling is capable of increasing the efficiency of PV panels.",
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Experimental analysis of using beeswax as phase change materials for limiting temperature rise in building integrated photovoltaics. / Thaib, Razali; Rizal, Samsul; Hamdani, ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra; Pambudi, Nugroho Agung.

In: Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, Vol. 12, 01.09.2018, p. 223-227.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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