Environmental, social and governance and the efficiency of government-linked companies in Malaysia

Qian Long Kweh, Bakhtiar Alrazi, Yee Chuann Chan, Wan Mohammad Taufik Wan Abdullah, Ruzana Mohd Azly Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Environmental, social and governance (ESG) are non-financial performance indicators that help determine financial performance. This study, motivated by the increasing awareness of various stakeholders about the importance of ESG disclosure, explores the impacts of ESG on firm efficiency of government-linked companies (GLCs) in Malaysia from 2006 to 2012. The ESG disclosure is based on the Sustainalytics ESG Research data available in Bloomberg while data development analysis (DEA) is used to estimate firm efficiency. This study found that GLCs focused more on governance disclosures, followed by social and environmental aspects. Governance improved firm efficiency, but social and environmental factors had no similar effects. In conclusion, this study provided insight on ESG initiatives which are useful for stakeholders when making financial and investment decisions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-73
Number of pages19
JournalInstitutions and Economies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

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