Entropy generation analysis of nanofluid flow in a circular tube subjected to constant wall temperature

K. Y. Leong, R. Saidur, T. M.I. Mahlia, Y. H. Yau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)


Due to their improved thermal conductivity, nanofluids have the potential to be used as heat transfer fluids in thermal systems. However adding particles into nanofluids will increase the viscosity of the fluid flow. This demonstrates that there is a trade-off between heat transfer enhancement and viscosity. It might not be ideal to achieve a heat transfer enhancement along with a relatively high pumping power. This study presents an analytical investigation on the entropy generation of a nanofluid flow through a circular tube with a constant wall temperature. Nanofluid thermo-physical properties are obtained from literature or calculated from suitable correlations. The present study focuses on water based alumina and titanium dioxide nanofluids. Outcome of the analysis shows that titanium dioxide nanofluids offer lower total dimensionless entropy generation compared to that of alumina nanofluids. Addition of 4% titanium dioxide nanoparticles reduces the total dimensionless entropy generation by 9.7% as compared to only 6.4% reduction observed when using alumina. It is also noted that dimension configurations of the circular tube play a significant role in determining the entropy generation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1169-1175
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Entropy generation analysis of nanofluid flow in a circular tube subjected to constant wall temperature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this