Engine performance and emissions using Jatropha curcas, Ceiba pentandra and Calophyllum inophyllum biodiesel in a CI diesel engine

Hwai Chyuan Ong, H. H. Masjuki, T.m. Indra Mahlia, A. S. Silitonga, W. T. Chong, Talal Yusaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biodiesel is a recognized replacement for diesel fuel in compressed ignition engines due to its significant environmental benefits. The purpose of this study is to investigate the engine performance and emissions produced from Jatropha curcas, Ceiba pentandra and Calophyllum inophyllum biodiesel in compressed ignition engine. The biodiesel production process and properties are discussed and a comparison of the three biodiesels as well as diesel fuel is undertaken. After that, engine performance and emissions testing was conducted using biodiesel blends 10%, 20%, 30% and 50% in a diesel engine at full throttle load. The engine performance shows that those biodiesel blends are suitable for use in diesel engines. A 10% biodiesel blend shows the best engine performance in terms of engine torque, engine power, fuel consumption and brake thermal efficiency among the all blending ratios for the three biodiesel blends. Biodiesel blends have also shown a significant reduction in CO2, CO and smoke opacity with a slight increase in NOx emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-445
Number of pages19
JournalEnergy
Volume69
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2014

Fingerprint

Biodiesel
Diesel engines
Engines
Diesel fuels
Ignition
Opacity
Smoke
Brakes
Fuel consumption
Torque
Testing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Ong, Hwai Chyuan ; Masjuki, H. H. ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra ; Silitonga, A. S. ; Chong, W. T. ; Yusaf, Talal. / Engine performance and emissions using Jatropha curcas, Ceiba pentandra and Calophyllum inophyllum biodiesel in a CI diesel engine. In: Energy. 2014 ; Vol. 69. pp. 427-445.
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Engine performance and emissions using Jatropha curcas, Ceiba pentandra and Calophyllum inophyllum biodiesel in a CI diesel engine. / Ong, Hwai Chyuan; Masjuki, H. H.; Mahlia, T.m. Indra; Silitonga, A. S.; Chong, W. T.; Yusaf, Talal.

In: Energy, Vol. 69, 01.05.2014, p. 427-445.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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