Empirical investigation of trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrian walking through angled-corridor

Noorhazlinda Abd Rahman, Nur Aina Alias, Saidatul Husna Mohamed Adenan, Nur Hanis Kasehyani, Herni Halim, Herda Yati Katman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Trajectories and walking velocity are two crucial metrics that become a basis in pedestrian flow analysis. Both metrics are governed by many factors, and some of the factors considered in this study are the angle of a corridor, track distance, number density of pedestrians, uni- or bi-directional flow and width of corridor. This paper is aimed at reporting empirical investigation of the effect of angled-corridor on pedestrian flow by postulating microscopically the trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrians. We have conducted one controlled experiment consists of 30 numbers of unidirectional walking tasks on a built corridor for different degrees of corner (60°, 90°, and 135°) by maintaining the width of the corridor as 2.25 m. A total of 990 samples of pedestrians walking behaviour were collected during the experiments. The finding summarised the pedestrians' desired walking velocity and the trajectories of walking pedestrians for each type of the angled-corridor. The averaged-desired walking velocity of female and male (female; male) pedestrians for 60°-, 90°-, and 135°-corridor are (1.37 m/s; 1.42 m/s), (1.08 m/s; 1.03 m/s), and (1.10 m/s; 1.08m/s), respectively. The normal L-shaped corridor (90°corridor) gives the lowest averaged-desired walking velocity compared to 60°and 135°. Besides, the trajectory of pedestrians shows the preference of pedestrians to use the inner track of the corridor due to the shorter distance. About 15.21% of pedestrians changed their trajectory from outer to inner track during the experiment for all angled-corridors. With regards to that scenario, the flow was affected and the pedestrians started to queue was witnessed during the experiment. These finding could be notable interest for all evacuation studies that aim a good strategies and design solution in order to prevent crowd disaster.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering, IGNITE-AICCE 2017
Subtitle of host publicationSustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience
EditorsHamidi Abdul Aziz, Mohd Rosli Mohd Hasan, Muhd Harris Ramli, Herni Halim, Choong Kok Keong, Badorul Hisham Abu Bakar, Megat Azmi Megat Johari, Mohd Suffian Yusoff
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415744
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2017
EventInternational Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering: Sustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience, IGNITE-AICCE 2017 - Penang, Malaysia
Duration: 08 Aug 201709 Aug 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1892
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

OtherInternational Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering: Sustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience, IGNITE-AICCE 2017
CountryMalaysia
CityPenang
Period08/08/1709/08/17

Fingerprint

corridors
walking
trajectories
disasters

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Rahman, N. A., Alias, N. A., Adenan, S. H. M., Kasehyani, N. H., Halim, H., & Katman, H. Y. (2017). Empirical investigation of trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrian walking through angled-corridor. In H. A. Aziz, M. R. M. Hasan, M. H. Ramli, H. Halim, C. K. Keong, B. H. Abu Bakar, M. A. M. Johari, ... M. S. Yusoff (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering, IGNITE-AICCE 2017: Sustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience [060007] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1892). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5005718
Rahman, Noorhazlinda Abd ; Alias, Nur Aina ; Adenan, Saidatul Husna Mohamed ; Kasehyani, Nur Hanis ; Halim, Herni ; Katman, Herda Yati. / Empirical investigation of trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrian walking through angled-corridor. Proceedings of the International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering, IGNITE-AICCE 2017: Sustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience. editor / Hamidi Abdul Aziz ; Mohd Rosli Mohd Hasan ; Muhd Harris Ramli ; Herni Halim ; Choong Kok Keong ; Badorul Hisham Abu Bakar ; Megat Azmi Megat Johari ; Mohd Suffian Yusoff. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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title = "Empirical investigation of trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrian walking through angled-corridor",
abstract = "Trajectories and walking velocity are two crucial metrics that become a basis in pedestrian flow analysis. Both metrics are governed by many factors, and some of the factors considered in this study are the angle of a corridor, track distance, number density of pedestrians, uni- or bi-directional flow and width of corridor. This paper is aimed at reporting empirical investigation of the effect of angled-corridor on pedestrian flow by postulating microscopically the trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrians. We have conducted one controlled experiment consists of 30 numbers of unidirectional walking tasks on a built corridor for different degrees of corner (60°, 90°, and 135°) by maintaining the width of the corridor as 2.25 m. A total of 990 samples of pedestrians walking behaviour were collected during the experiments. The finding summarised the pedestrians' desired walking velocity and the trajectories of walking pedestrians for each type of the angled-corridor. The averaged-desired walking velocity of female and male (female; male) pedestrians for 60°-, 90°-, and 135°-corridor are (1.37 m/s; 1.42 m/s), (1.08 m/s; 1.03 m/s), and (1.10 m/s; 1.08m/s), respectively. The normal L-shaped corridor (90°corridor) gives the lowest averaged-desired walking velocity compared to 60°and 135°. Besides, the trajectory of pedestrians shows the preference of pedestrians to use the inner track of the corridor due to the shorter distance. About 15.21{\%} of pedestrians changed their trajectory from outer to inner track during the experiment for all angled-corridors. With regards to that scenario, the flow was affected and the pedestrians started to queue was witnessed during the experiment. These finding could be notable interest for all evacuation studies that aim a good strategies and design solution in order to prevent crowd disaster.",
author = "Rahman, {Noorhazlinda Abd} and Alias, {Nur Aina} and Adenan, {Saidatul Husna Mohamed} and Kasehyani, {Nur Hanis} and Herni Halim and Katman, {Herda Yati}",
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Rahman, NA, Alias, NA, Adenan, SHM, Kasehyani, NH, Halim, H & Katman, HY 2017, Empirical investigation of trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrian walking through angled-corridor. in HA Aziz, MRM Hasan, MH Ramli, H Halim, CK Keong, BH Abu Bakar, MAM Johari & MS Yusoff (eds), Proceedings of the International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering, IGNITE-AICCE 2017: Sustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience., 060007, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1892, American Institute of Physics Inc., International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering: Sustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience, IGNITE-AICCE 2017, Penang, Malaysia, 08/08/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5005718

Empirical investigation of trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrian walking through angled-corridor. / Rahman, Noorhazlinda Abd; Alias, Nur Aina; Adenan, Saidatul Husna Mohamed; Kasehyani, Nur Hanis; Halim, Herni; Katman, Herda Yati.

Proceedings of the International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering, IGNITE-AICCE 2017: Sustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience. ed. / Hamidi Abdul Aziz; Mohd Rosli Mohd Hasan; Muhd Harris Ramli; Herni Halim; Choong Kok Keong; Badorul Hisham Abu Bakar; Megat Azmi Megat Johari; Mohd Suffian Yusoff. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. 060007 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1892).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Empirical investigation of trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrian walking through angled-corridor

AU - Rahman, Noorhazlinda Abd

AU - Alias, Nur Aina

AU - Adenan, Saidatul Husna Mohamed

AU - Kasehyani, Nur Hanis

AU - Halim, Herni

AU - Katman, Herda Yati

PY - 2017/10/16

Y1 - 2017/10/16

N2 - Trajectories and walking velocity are two crucial metrics that become a basis in pedestrian flow analysis. Both metrics are governed by many factors, and some of the factors considered in this study are the angle of a corridor, track distance, number density of pedestrians, uni- or bi-directional flow and width of corridor. This paper is aimed at reporting empirical investigation of the effect of angled-corridor on pedestrian flow by postulating microscopically the trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrians. We have conducted one controlled experiment consists of 30 numbers of unidirectional walking tasks on a built corridor for different degrees of corner (60°, 90°, and 135°) by maintaining the width of the corridor as 2.25 m. A total of 990 samples of pedestrians walking behaviour were collected during the experiments. The finding summarised the pedestrians' desired walking velocity and the trajectories of walking pedestrians for each type of the angled-corridor. The averaged-desired walking velocity of female and male (female; male) pedestrians for 60°-, 90°-, and 135°-corridor are (1.37 m/s; 1.42 m/s), (1.08 m/s; 1.03 m/s), and (1.10 m/s; 1.08m/s), respectively. The normal L-shaped corridor (90°corridor) gives the lowest averaged-desired walking velocity compared to 60°and 135°. Besides, the trajectory of pedestrians shows the preference of pedestrians to use the inner track of the corridor due to the shorter distance. About 15.21% of pedestrians changed their trajectory from outer to inner track during the experiment for all angled-corridors. With regards to that scenario, the flow was affected and the pedestrians started to queue was witnessed during the experiment. These finding could be notable interest for all evacuation studies that aim a good strategies and design solution in order to prevent crowd disaster.

AB - Trajectories and walking velocity are two crucial metrics that become a basis in pedestrian flow analysis. Both metrics are governed by many factors, and some of the factors considered in this study are the angle of a corridor, track distance, number density of pedestrians, uni- or bi-directional flow and width of corridor. This paper is aimed at reporting empirical investigation of the effect of angled-corridor on pedestrian flow by postulating microscopically the trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrians. We have conducted one controlled experiment consists of 30 numbers of unidirectional walking tasks on a built corridor for different degrees of corner (60°, 90°, and 135°) by maintaining the width of the corridor as 2.25 m. A total of 990 samples of pedestrians walking behaviour were collected during the experiments. The finding summarised the pedestrians' desired walking velocity and the trajectories of walking pedestrians for each type of the angled-corridor. The averaged-desired walking velocity of female and male (female; male) pedestrians for 60°-, 90°-, and 135°-corridor are (1.37 m/s; 1.42 m/s), (1.08 m/s; 1.03 m/s), and (1.10 m/s; 1.08m/s), respectively. The normal L-shaped corridor (90°corridor) gives the lowest averaged-desired walking velocity compared to 60°and 135°. Besides, the trajectory of pedestrians shows the preference of pedestrians to use the inner track of the corridor due to the shorter distance. About 15.21% of pedestrians changed their trajectory from outer to inner track during the experiment for all angled-corridors. With regards to that scenario, the flow was affected and the pedestrians started to queue was witnessed during the experiment. These finding could be notable interest for all evacuation studies that aim a good strategies and design solution in order to prevent crowd disaster.

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M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - AIP Conference Proceedings

BT - Proceedings of the International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering, IGNITE-AICCE 2017

A2 - Aziz, Hamidi Abdul

A2 - Hasan, Mohd Rosli Mohd

A2 - Ramli, Muhd Harris

A2 - Halim, Herni

A2 - Keong, Choong Kok

A2 - Abu Bakar, Badorul Hisham

A2 - Johari, Megat Azmi Megat

A2 - Yusoff, Mohd Suffian

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

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Rahman NA, Alias NA, Adenan SHM, Kasehyani NH, Halim H, Katman HY. Empirical investigation of trajectories and desired walking velocity of pedestrian walking through angled-corridor. In Aziz HA, Hasan MRM, Ramli MH, Halim H, Keong CK, Abu Bakar BH, Johari MAM, Yusoff MS, editors, Proceedings of the International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering, IGNITE-AICCE 2017: Sustainable Technology and Practice for Infrastructure and Community Resilience. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2017. 060007. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5005718