ELF - EMF correlation study on distance from Overhead Transmission Lines and acute leukemia among children in klang Valley, Malaysia

Amr S. Ba Hakim, Nazaruddin Abd Rahman, Mohd Zin Mokhtar, Ismail Bin Said, Halil Hussain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Acute Leukemia has become the most common type of cancer among children below 15 years old in Malaysia. Yet, its main etiologies are unexplained, leading researchers to relate its occurrence to environmental factors. Therefore, residential proximity to Overhead Transmission Lines (OHTL) was considered as an environmental risk factor contributing in the occurrence of Acute Leukemia due to its magnetic fields production. The objective of this research paper is to investigate the correlation of Acute Leukemia and residential magnetic field exposure and proximity to OHTL. Distance was measured using Google Earth software and magnetic field exposure was assessed using a magnetic field survey meter. Subjects enrolled in this study were children below 15 years old who received their medical treatment in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Hospital (HUKM) and Kuala Lumpur General Hospital (GHKL). Case subjects are children diagnosed with Acute Leukemia while control subjects are children diagnosed with other Acute Illnesses. The analysis showed that the correlation is statistically insignificant between Acute Leukemia and both variables: Residential Magnetic Field Exposure (OR 0.82, 95% CI: 0.33-2.00, p= 0.66, X2= 0.20), Residential Proximity (OR 0.88, 95% CI: 0.35-2.22, p= 0.80, X2= 0.068). In conclusion, it was found that residential proximity to OHTL does not constitute any risk to children's health. Additionally, other socioeconomic factors which are contributing in the occurrence of Acute Leukemia, makes any previously proved relationship subjected to chance or methodology misconduct.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences
Subtitle of host publication"Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet"
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages710-714
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781479940844
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2014
Event3rd IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, IECBES 2014 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 08 Dec 201410 Dec 2014

Publication series

NameIECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences: "Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet"

Other

Other3rd IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, IECBES 2014
CountryMalaysia
CityKuala Lumpur
Period08/12/1410/12/14

Fingerprint

Electric lines
Magnetic fields
Electric potential
Earth (planet)
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Ba Hakim, A. S., Abd Rahman, N., Mokhtar, M. Z., Said, I. B., & Hussain, H. (2014). ELF - EMF correlation study on distance from Overhead Transmission Lines and acute leukemia among children in klang Valley, Malaysia. In IECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences: "Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet" (pp. 710-714). [7047600] (IECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences: "Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet"). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/IECBES.2014.7047600
Ba Hakim, Amr S. ; Abd Rahman, Nazaruddin ; Mokhtar, Mohd Zin ; Said, Ismail Bin ; Hussain, Halil. / ELF - EMF correlation study on distance from Overhead Transmission Lines and acute leukemia among children in klang Valley, Malaysia. IECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences: "Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet". Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2014. pp. 710-714 (IECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences: "Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet").
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abstract = "Acute Leukemia has become the most common type of cancer among children below 15 years old in Malaysia. Yet, its main etiologies are unexplained, leading researchers to relate its occurrence to environmental factors. Therefore, residential proximity to Overhead Transmission Lines (OHTL) was considered as an environmental risk factor contributing in the occurrence of Acute Leukemia due to its magnetic fields production. The objective of this research paper is to investigate the correlation of Acute Leukemia and residential magnetic field exposure and proximity to OHTL. Distance was measured using Google Earth software and magnetic field exposure was assessed using a magnetic field survey meter. Subjects enrolled in this study were children below 15 years old who received their medical treatment in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Hospital (HUKM) and Kuala Lumpur General Hospital (GHKL). Case subjects are children diagnosed with Acute Leukemia while control subjects are children diagnosed with other Acute Illnesses. The analysis showed that the correlation is statistically insignificant between Acute Leukemia and both variables: Residential Magnetic Field Exposure (OR 0.82, 95{\%} CI: 0.33-2.00, p= 0.66, X2= 0.20), Residential Proximity (OR 0.88, 95{\%} CI: 0.35-2.22, p= 0.80, X2= 0.068). In conclusion, it was found that residential proximity to OHTL does not constitute any risk to children's health. Additionally, other socioeconomic factors which are contributing in the occurrence of Acute Leukemia, makes any previously proved relationship subjected to chance or methodology misconduct.",
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Ba Hakim, AS, Abd Rahman, N, Mokhtar, MZ, Said, IB & Hussain, H 2014, ELF - EMF correlation study on distance from Overhead Transmission Lines and acute leukemia among children in klang Valley, Malaysia. in IECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences: "Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet"., 7047600, IECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences: "Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet", Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 710-714, 3rd IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, IECBES 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 08/12/14. https://doi.org/10.1109/IECBES.2014.7047600

ELF - EMF correlation study on distance from Overhead Transmission Lines and acute leukemia among children in klang Valley, Malaysia. / Ba Hakim, Amr S.; Abd Rahman, Nazaruddin; Mokhtar, Mohd Zin; Said, Ismail Bin; Hussain, Halil.

IECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences: "Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet". Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2014. p. 710-714 7047600 (IECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences: "Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet").

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Mokhtar, Mohd Zin

AU - Said, Ismail Bin

AU - Hussain, Halil

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Ba Hakim AS, Abd Rahman N, Mokhtar MZ, Said IB, Hussain H. ELF - EMF correlation study on distance from Overhead Transmission Lines and acute leukemia among children in klang Valley, Malaysia. In IECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences: "Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet". Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2014. p. 710-714. 7047600. (IECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences: "Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet"). https://doi.org/10.1109/IECBES.2014.7047600