Effects of two-step sintering on the properties of hydroxyapatite bioceramic

S. Ramesh, C. J. Gan, L. T. Bang, A. Niakan, C. Y. Tan, J. Purbolaksono, Hari Chandran, S. Ramesh, B. K. Yap, W. D. Teng

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In the present study, the sintering behaviour of hydroxyapatite (HA) was investigated by employing the two-step and conventional sintering methods. Comparisons were made between different combinations of sintering temperatures to examine their influence on the sinterability of the samples. The sintered samples were examined in terms of phase stability, relative density, grain size, Vickers hardness, and fracture toughness. The results revealed that the two-step sintering cycle was effective in suppressing grain coarsening when compared to conventional sintering. The study also found that while employing the twostep sintering, the selected temperature (T1) at which densification occurs plays a major role in determining the mechanical properties of HA samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-689
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Ceramic Processing Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2015


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Ramesh, S., Gan, C. J., Bang, L. T., Niakan, A., Tan, C. Y., Purbolaksono, J., Chandran, H., Ramesh, S., Yap, B. K., & Teng, W. D. (2015). Effects of two-step sintering on the properties of hydroxyapatite bioceramic. Journal of Ceramic Processing Research, 16(6), 683-689.