Effects of TiO2 addition and electron irradiation on superconducting and mechanical properties of Bi2Sr 2CaCu2O8 (Bi-2212) superconductor

Nasri A. Hamid, Yusof Abdullah, Mohamad Hafizi Pandak Abdullah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Titanium Oxide (TiO2) compounds having very high melting point with lower heat capacity, is an excellent candidate for reinforcement of brittle materials such as superconductor ceramics. In addition to high melting point, the TiO2 is also capable of establishing flux pinning centers in bismuth-based superconductors such as the Bi-2212. To further enhance the flux pinning properties, irradiation is one of the techniques that can be used to re-create the required point defects. In this study, the effects of TiO 2 addition and electron irradiation on Bi-2212 superconductor were studied. TiO2 added Bi-2212 superconductor samples with 5%, 10% and 15% weight percentage addition respectively, were prepared using the conventional solid-state reaction method. The samples were irradiated with electron beam with radiation dose of 100 KGray. Characterization was performed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The transition temperature (Tc) and the critical current density (J c) of the samples were also measured. The XRD patterns for all the samples show well-defined peaks all of which could be indexed on the basis of a Bi-2212 phase structure. In addition, the XRD patterns indicate that electron irradiation did not change the structure of Bi-2212 superconducting phase. Results of SEM micrographs show disorientation in the texture of the microstructure for samples that are subjected to electron irradiation. The grains are seen to align randomly with higher degree of orientation. With regard to TiO2 additions, only small TiO2 addition sustained the superconducting properties upon irradiation. Addition of more than 5% weight percentage of TiO2 degrades the superconducting properties of the irradiated samples. Formation of weak-links may result in higher grain boundaries orientation within the superconducting grains and thus deteriorates the inter-grains connectivity and resulted in lower Tc and degradation of Jc. The strength of the superconductor reduced significantly when subjected to electron irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvancing Nuclear Research and Energy Development - Proceedings of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2013, iNuSTEC 2013
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Pages145-148
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780735412163
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2014
EventInternational Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2013: Advancing Nuclear Research and Energy Development, iNuSTEC 2013 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 30 Sep 201302 Oct 2013

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1584
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

OtherInternational Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2013: Advancing Nuclear Research and Energy Development, iNuSTEC 2013
CountryMalaysia
CityKuala Lumpur
Period30/09/1302/10/13

Fingerprint

electron irradiation
mechanical properties
irradiation
flux pinning
melting points
diffraction patterns
disorientation
brittle materials
scanning electron microscopy
x rays
reinforcement
titanium oxides
point defects
bismuth
critical current
textures
grain boundaries
transition temperature
specific heat
electron beams

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

A. Hamid, N., Abdullah, Y., & Abdullah, M. H. P. (2014). Effects of TiO2 addition and electron irradiation on superconducting and mechanical properties of Bi2Sr 2CaCu2O8 (Bi-2212) superconductor. In Advancing Nuclear Research and Energy Development - Proceedings of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2013, iNuSTEC 2013 (pp. 145-148). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1584). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4866121
A. Hamid, Nasri ; Abdullah, Yusof ; Abdullah, Mohamad Hafizi Pandak. / Effects of TiO2 addition and electron irradiation on superconducting and mechanical properties of Bi2Sr 2CaCu2O8 (Bi-2212) superconductor. Advancing Nuclear Research and Energy Development - Proceedings of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2013, iNuSTEC 2013. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. pp. 145-148 (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "Titanium Oxide (TiO2) compounds having very high melting point with lower heat capacity, is an excellent candidate for reinforcement of brittle materials such as superconductor ceramics. In addition to high melting point, the TiO2 is also capable of establishing flux pinning centers in bismuth-based superconductors such as the Bi-2212. To further enhance the flux pinning properties, irradiation is one of the techniques that can be used to re-create the required point defects. In this study, the effects of TiO 2 addition and electron irradiation on Bi-2212 superconductor were studied. TiO2 added Bi-2212 superconductor samples with 5{\%}, 10{\%} and 15{\%} weight percentage addition respectively, were prepared using the conventional solid-state reaction method. The samples were irradiated with electron beam with radiation dose of 100 KGray. Characterization was performed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The transition temperature (Tc) and the critical current density (J c) of the samples were also measured. The XRD patterns for all the samples show well-defined peaks all of which could be indexed on the basis of a Bi-2212 phase structure. In addition, the XRD patterns indicate that electron irradiation did not change the structure of Bi-2212 superconducting phase. Results of SEM micrographs show disorientation in the texture of the microstructure for samples that are subjected to electron irradiation. The grains are seen to align randomly with higher degree of orientation. With regard to TiO2 additions, only small TiO2 addition sustained the superconducting properties upon irradiation. Addition of more than 5{\%} weight percentage of TiO2 degrades the superconducting properties of the irradiated samples. Formation of weak-links may result in higher grain boundaries orientation within the superconducting grains and thus deteriorates the inter-grains connectivity and resulted in lower Tc and degradation of Jc. The strength of the superconductor reduced significantly when subjected to electron irradiation.",
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A. Hamid, N, Abdullah, Y & Abdullah, MHP 2014, Effects of TiO2 addition and electron irradiation on superconducting and mechanical properties of Bi2Sr 2CaCu2O8 (Bi-2212) superconductor. in Advancing Nuclear Research and Energy Development - Proceedings of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2013, iNuSTEC 2013. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1584, American Institute of Physics Inc., pp. 145-148, International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2013: Advancing Nuclear Research and Energy Development, iNuSTEC 2013, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 30/09/13. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4866121

Effects of TiO2 addition and electron irradiation on superconducting and mechanical properties of Bi2Sr 2CaCu2O8 (Bi-2212) superconductor. / A. Hamid, Nasri; Abdullah, Yusof; Abdullah, Mohamad Hafizi Pandak.

Advancing Nuclear Research and Energy Development - Proceedings of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2013, iNuSTEC 2013. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. p. 145-148 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1584).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - Titanium Oxide (TiO2) compounds having very high melting point with lower heat capacity, is an excellent candidate for reinforcement of brittle materials such as superconductor ceramics. In addition to high melting point, the TiO2 is also capable of establishing flux pinning centers in bismuth-based superconductors such as the Bi-2212. To further enhance the flux pinning properties, irradiation is one of the techniques that can be used to re-create the required point defects. In this study, the effects of TiO 2 addition and electron irradiation on Bi-2212 superconductor were studied. TiO2 added Bi-2212 superconductor samples with 5%, 10% and 15% weight percentage addition respectively, were prepared using the conventional solid-state reaction method. The samples were irradiated with electron beam with radiation dose of 100 KGray. Characterization was performed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The transition temperature (Tc) and the critical current density (J c) of the samples were also measured. The XRD patterns for all the samples show well-defined peaks all of which could be indexed on the basis of a Bi-2212 phase structure. In addition, the XRD patterns indicate that electron irradiation did not change the structure of Bi-2212 superconducting phase. Results of SEM micrographs show disorientation in the texture of the microstructure for samples that are subjected to electron irradiation. The grains are seen to align randomly with higher degree of orientation. With regard to TiO2 additions, only small TiO2 addition sustained the superconducting properties upon irradiation. Addition of more than 5% weight percentage of TiO2 degrades the superconducting properties of the irradiated samples. Formation of weak-links may result in higher grain boundaries orientation within the superconducting grains and thus deteriorates the inter-grains connectivity and resulted in lower Tc and degradation of Jc. The strength of the superconductor reduced significantly when subjected to electron irradiation.

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A. Hamid N, Abdullah Y, Abdullah MHP. Effects of TiO2 addition and electron irradiation on superconducting and mechanical properties of Bi2Sr 2CaCu2O8 (Bi-2212) superconductor. In Advancing Nuclear Research and Energy Development - Proceedings of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2013, iNuSTEC 2013. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2014. p. 145-148. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4866121