Effect of waterproofing admixtures on concrete

N. B. Hamid, Mohd Zakwan Ramli, M. E. Sanik, M. Mokhtar, R. Razman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Concrete is an engineering material consisting of cementing substances, aggregates, water and a controlled amount of entrained air that is mainly needed in the construction industry. However, the ability of water to be transported into concrete seems to be a major problem with the ensuing deterioration of concrete and reinforcing steel resulting in costly repairs, loss of service and structural failure. Waterproofing admixtures can be used to improve the pore structure of concrete and reduce the water permeability of concrete. The objectives of this project are to reduce the water ingress in concrete structure and investigate the effect of three different types of waterproofing admixture on concrete. Waterproofing admixtures were added during the mixing of materials according to the percentage of each waterproofing admixture used. Slump test, water absorption test, concrete compression test and water permeability test were conducted to determine the properties of concrete based on waterproof characteristics. According to the results obtained from the tests, concrete with soap showed medium degree of workability with slump value of 85mm, low percentage of absorption, 1.32%, low permeability, 25mm and high compressive strength of 42.9MPa. Concrete with soap showed waterproof characteristic without affecting the strength of concrete among other waterproofing admixtures. Hence, concrete with soap showed a better performance in waterproof characteristics among other waterproofing admixtures as compared to the control sample.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Design and Manufacture
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018
EditorsMuhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir, Romisuhani Ahmad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad, Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Liyana Binti Jamaludin
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417526
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09 Nov 2018
Event4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018 - Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
Duration: 29 Apr 201830 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2030
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018
CountryViet Nam
CityHo Chi Minh
Period29/04/1830/04/18

Fingerprint

waterproofing
admixtures
soaps
water
permeability
construction industry
structural failure
concrete structures
compression tests
compressive strength

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Hamid, N. B., Ramli, M. Z., Sanik, M. E., Mokhtar, M., & Razman, R. (2018). Effect of waterproofing admixtures on concrete. In M. F. B. M. Tahir, R. Ahmad, M. N. B. M. Saad, M. F. B. Ghazli, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, S. Z. B. A. Rahim, & L. B. Jamaludin (Eds.), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018 [020239] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066880
Hamid, N. B. ; Ramli, Mohd Zakwan ; Sanik, M. E. ; Mokhtar, M. ; Razman, R. / Effect of waterproofing admixtures on concrete. Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. editor / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir ; Romisuhani Ahmad ; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad ; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli ; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim ; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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title = "Effect of waterproofing admixtures on concrete",
abstract = "Concrete is an engineering material consisting of cementing substances, aggregates, water and a controlled amount of entrained air that is mainly needed in the construction industry. However, the ability of water to be transported into concrete seems to be a major problem with the ensuing deterioration of concrete and reinforcing steel resulting in costly repairs, loss of service and structural failure. Waterproofing admixtures can be used to improve the pore structure of concrete and reduce the water permeability of concrete. The objectives of this project are to reduce the water ingress in concrete structure and investigate the effect of three different types of waterproofing admixture on concrete. Waterproofing admixtures were added during the mixing of materials according to the percentage of each waterproofing admixture used. Slump test, water absorption test, concrete compression test and water permeability test were conducted to determine the properties of concrete based on waterproof characteristics. According to the results obtained from the tests, concrete with soap showed medium degree of workability with slump value of 85mm, low percentage of absorption, 1.32{\%}, low permeability, 25mm and high compressive strength of 42.9MPa. Concrete with soap showed waterproof characteristic without affecting the strength of concrete among other waterproofing admixtures. Hence, concrete with soap showed a better performance in waterproof characteristics among other waterproofing admixtures as compared to the control sample.",
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Hamid, NB, Ramli, MZ, Sanik, ME, Mokhtar, M & Razman, R 2018, Effect of waterproofing admixtures on concrete. in MFBM Tahir, R Ahmad, MNBM Saad, MFB Ghazli, MMA-B Abdullah, SZBA Rahim & LB Jamaludin (eds), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018., 020239, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2030, American Institute of Physics Inc., 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 29/04/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066880

Effect of waterproofing admixtures on concrete. / Hamid, N. B.; Ramli, Mohd Zakwan; Sanik, M. E.; Mokhtar, M.; Razman, R.

Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. ed. / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir; Romisuhani Ahmad; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020239 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Hamid NB, Ramli MZ, Sanik ME, Mokhtar M, Razman R. Effect of waterproofing admixtures on concrete. In Tahir MFBM, Ahmad R, Saad MNBM, Ghazli MFB, Abdullah MMA-B, Rahim SZBA, Jamaludin LB, editors, Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020239. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066880