Substitution of Ge4+ in place of Cu in Tl0.85Cr 0.15Sr2CaCu2-xGexO 7-δ (x = 0-0.6) showed initial increase in zero critical temperature value, Tc zero from 98 K (x = 0) to 100 K (x = 0.1) and in the range of 85-86 K for x = 0.2-0.3. The slow decrease in Tc zero is unexpected as tetravalent Ge4+ substitution is expected to strongly reduce hole concentration in the samples and suppress Tc zero. Excess conductivity analyses of resistance versus temperature data based on Asmalazov-Larkin (AL) theory revealed that the substitution induced 2D-to-3D transition of fluctuation induced conductivity with the highest transition temperature, T 2D-3D observed at x = 0.1. FTIR spectroscopy analysis indicates Ge4+ substitution cause reduction in CuO 2/GeO2 interplanar distance while our calculation based on Lawrence-Doniach model revealed highest superconducting coherence length, ξc(0) and interplanar coupling, J at x = 0.3. On the other hand, substitution of divalent Mg2+ for Ca2+ in (Tl 0.5Pb0.5)(Sr1.8Yb0.2)(Ca 1-yMgy)Cu2O7 (y = 0-1.0), which is not expected to directly vary hole concentration, surprisingly caused Tc zero to increase from 89.6 K (y = 0) to an optimum value of 95.9 K (y = 0.6) before decreasing with further increase in y. Excess conductivity analyses showed 2D-to-3D transition of fluctuation induced conductivity for all samples where the highest T2D- 3D was at y = 0.4. Similar calculation revealed highest values of ξc(0) and J also at y = 0.4. FTIR analysis of the samples indicates inequivalent Cu(1)O(2)Pb/Tl lengths and possible tilting of CuO 2 plane as a result of Mg2+ substitution. The increased ξc(0) and J as a result of the Ge4+ and Mg2+ substitutions are suggested to contributed to sustenance of superconductivity above 80 K in the samples.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering