Effect of Copper Oxide and Manganese Oxide on Properties and Low Temperature Degradation of Sintered Y-TZP Ceramic

M. M. Khan, S. Ramesh, L. T. Bang, Y. H. Wong, S. Ubenthiran, C. Y. Tan, J. Purbolaksono, H. Misran

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The effect of copper oxide (CuO) and manganese oxide (MnO2) co-dopant on the densification behavior of 3 mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia was investigated. Green samples were prepared and sintered in air at temperatures ranging from 1250 to 1500 °C with a short holding time of 12 min. Sintered bodies were characterized to determine the phase stability, bulk density, hardness, fracture toughness, Young’s modulus and grain size. In addition, the aging-induced tetragonal to monoclinic phase transformation of the sintered zirconia was evaluated. It was revealed that the addition of CuO-MnO2 co-dopant was beneficial in enhancing the densification and mechanical properties of the ceramic particularly at low temperatures. A high fracture toughness of 5.5 MPam1/2 coupled with high hardness of 14.5 GPa was obtained for co-doped samples sintered at 1350 °C. However, the undoped ceramic exhibited better properties when sintered above 1350 °C. The study also found that the dopants did not prevent grain coarsening and hence did not suppress the aging-induced phase transformation particularly for samples sintered above 1350 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4328-4335
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 02 Dec 2014


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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