Devolatilization Studies of Oil Palm Biomass for Torrefaction Process through Scanning Electron Microscopy

D. Daud, Adlansyah Abd Rahman, A. H. Shamsuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, palm oil biomass consisting of empty fruit bunch (EFB), mesocarp fibre and palm kernel shell (PKS) were chosen as raw material for torrefaction process. Torrefaction process was conducted at various temperatures of 240 °C, 270 °C and 300 °C with a residence time of 60 minutes. The morphology of the raw and torrefied biomass was then observed through Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images. Also, through this experiment the correlation between the torrefaction temperatures with the volatile gases released were studied. From the observation, the morphology structure of the biomass exhibited inter-particle gaps due to the release of volatile gases and it is obviously seen more at higher temperatures. Moreover, the change of the biomass structure is influenced by the alteration of the lignocellulose biomass.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012072
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2016
Event2nd International Conference on Advances in Renewable Energy and Technologies, ICARET 2016 - Putrajaya, Malaysia
Duration: 23 Feb 201625 Feb 2016

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scanning electron microscopy
oil
biomass
gas
residence time
fruit
temperature
shell
experiment

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Devolatilization Studies of Oil Palm Biomass for Torrefaction Process through Scanning Electron Microscopy",
abstract = "In this work, palm oil biomass consisting of empty fruit bunch (EFB), mesocarp fibre and palm kernel shell (PKS) were chosen as raw material for torrefaction process. Torrefaction process was conducted at various temperatures of 240 °C, 270 °C and 300 °C with a residence time of 60 minutes. The morphology of the raw and torrefied biomass was then observed through Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images. Also, through this experiment the correlation between the torrefaction temperatures with the volatile gases released were studied. From the observation, the morphology structure of the biomass exhibited inter-particle gaps due to the release of volatile gases and it is obviously seen more at higher temperatures. Moreover, the change of the biomass structure is influenced by the alteration of the lignocellulose biomass.",
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Devolatilization Studies of Oil Palm Biomass for Torrefaction Process through Scanning Electron Microscopy. / Daud, D.; Abd Rahman, Adlansyah; Shamsuddin, A. H.

In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 32, No. 1, 012072, 19.04.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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