Development of paving blocks using waste materials

Nor Baizura Hamid, Siti Noraiza Ab Razak, Mardiha Mokhtar, Mohd Erwan Sanik, Masiri Kaamin, Ahmad Hakimi Mat Nor, Mohd Zakwan Ramli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Nowadays, the paving blocks that in the market are heavy and the price are costly. This study will introduce the lightweight paving blocks and more affordable because the waste materials such as tins, plastic and quarry dust are use in the development of the concrete paving blocks namely as Eco-Friendly Paving Block. Eco paving blocks will be compared to control paving blocks due to its durability and compressive strength. Based on the past research, tin and plastic are used as coarse aggregate while quarry dust will act as fine aggregate. The method and test for concrete work was conducted which is slump test, density test and compressive strength test. The result shows that Eco-Friendly Paving Block can be used at non-traffic area based on their compressive strength with the value of 13.3275N/mm2 compared to control paving block with value of 72.3845N/mm2. The uses of this waste material also can reduce the amount of environmental pollutants such as water and soil pollution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1329-1335
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering
Issue number9 Special Issue 3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Hamid, N. B., Razak, S. N. A., Mokhtar, M., Sanik, M. E., Kaamin, M., Nor, A. H. M., & Ramli, M. Z. (2019). Development of paving blocks using waste materials. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 8(9 Special Issue 3), 1329-1335.