Development of paving blocks using waste materials

Nor Baizura Hamid, Siti Noraiza Ab Razak, Mardiha Mokhtar, Mohd Erwan Sanik, Masiri Kaamin, Ahmad Hakimi Mat Nor, Mohd Zakwan Ramli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nowadays, the paving blocks that in the market are heavy and the price are costly. This study will introduce the lightweight paving blocks and more affordable because the waste materials such as tins, plastic and quarry dust are use in the development of the concrete paving blocks namely as Eco-Friendly Paving Block. Eco paving blocks will be compared to control paving blocks due to its durability and compressive strength. Based on the past research, tin and plastic are used as coarse aggregate while quarry dust will act as fine aggregate. The method and test for concrete work was conducted which is slump test, density test and compressive strength test. The result shows that Eco-Friendly Paving Block can be used at non-traffic area based on their compressive strength with the value of 13.3275N/mm2 compared to control paving block with value of 72.3845N/mm2. The uses of this waste material also can reduce the amount of environmental pollutants such as water and soil pollution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1329-1335
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering
Volume8
Issue number9 Special Issue 3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2019

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Compressive strength
Quarries
Tin
Dust
Soil pollution
Concretes
Plastics
Water pollution
Durability

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Hamid, N. B., Razak, S. N. A., Mokhtar, M., Sanik, M. E., Kaamin, M., Nor, A. H. M., & Ramli, M. Z. (2019). Development of paving blocks using waste materials. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 8(9 Special Issue 3), 1329-1335. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijitee.I3288.0789S319
Hamid, Nor Baizura ; Razak, Siti Noraiza Ab ; Mokhtar, Mardiha ; Sanik, Mohd Erwan ; Kaamin, Masiri ; Nor, Ahmad Hakimi Mat ; Ramli, Mohd Zakwan. / Development of paving blocks using waste materials. In: International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering. 2019 ; Vol. 8, No. 9 Special Issue 3. pp. 1329-1335.
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Hamid, NB, Razak, SNA, Mokhtar, M, Sanik, ME, Kaamin, M, Nor, AHM & Ramli, MZ 2019, 'Development of paving blocks using waste materials', International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, vol. 8, no. 9 Special Issue 3, pp. 1329-1335. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijitee.I3288.0789S319

Development of paving blocks using waste materials. / Hamid, Nor Baizura; Razak, Siti Noraiza Ab; Mokhtar, Mardiha; Sanik, Mohd Erwan; Kaamin, Masiri; Nor, Ahmad Hakimi Mat; Ramli, Mohd Zakwan.

In: International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 9 Special Issue 3, 01.07.2019, p. 1329-1335.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mokhtar, Mardiha

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AU - Nor, Ahmad Hakimi Mat

AU - Ramli, Mohd Zakwan

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Hamid NB, Razak SNA, Mokhtar M, Sanik ME, Kaamin M, Nor AHM et al. Development of paving blocks using waste materials. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering. 2019 Jul 1;8(9 Special Issue 3):1329-1335. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijitee.I3288.0789S319