Development of nylon-based artificial muscles for the usage in robotic prosthetic limb

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper describes the development of nylon-based artificial muscles that is intended to be used in prosthetic limb for young amputees. Prosthetic limbs are very expensive and this situation is further compounded for young amputees who are very quickly out-grow their prosthesis. The proposed artificial muscles are made of nylon fishing strings from various size such as 0.45mm, 0.55mm, 0.65mm and 1.00mm. These fishing strings were twisted into coils to create Super Coiled Polymers (SCP) and tested using hot air blower. These artificial muscles react counterintuitively, where when it is exposed to heat, contracts, and when cooled, expands. Peltier devices, when switched-on acts as heat pump, where one side is hot and the other is cold. This phenomenon, when affixed in between 2 SCP's, creates tandem motion similar to triceps and biceps. As initial study, the hot side of the Peltier module was tested using these artificial muscles. The string was measured for both its force production, length contraction, the initial results were promising.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Theory to Applications - Proceedings of the International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering, IC3E 2017
EditorsLukman Audah, Dirman Hanafi, Mohd Norzali Hj Mohd, Omar Abu Hassan, Mohammad Arif Ilyas, Noor Mazliza Badrul Sham, Syadia Nabilah Mohd Safuan, Mohd Helmy Abd Wahab, Che Ku Afifah Che Ku Viet, Nor Akmal Mohd Jamail, Anis Azwani Muhd Suberi, Chin Fhong Soon
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415638
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2017
Event1st International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering: Advancing Engineering Towards Sustainable Future, IC3E 2017 - Johor Bahru, Malaysia
Duration: 14 Aug 201715 Aug 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1883
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other1st International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering: Advancing Engineering Towards Sustainable Future, IC3E 2017
CountryMalaysia
CityJohor Bahru
Period14/08/1715/08/17

Fingerprint

Nylon (trademark)
muscles
limbs
robotics
fishing
strings
blowers
high temperature air
heat pumps
contraction
coils
modules
heat
polymers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Atikah, N. A., Leong, Y. W., Anuar, A., Chau, C. F., Zainal Abidin, I., & Mohamed Sahari, K. S. (2017). Development of nylon-based artificial muscles for the usage in robotic prosthetic limb. In L. Audah, D. Hanafi, M. N. H. Mohd, O. A. Hassan, M. A. Ilyas, N. M. B. Sham, S. N. M. Safuan, M. H. A. Wahab, C. K. A. C. K. Viet, N. A. M. Jamail, A. A. M. Suberi, ... C. F. Soon (Eds.), Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering: From Theory to Applications - Proceedings of the International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering, IC3E 2017 [020042] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1883). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5002060
Atikah, Nurul Anis ; Leong, Yeng Weng ; Anuar, Adzly ; Chau, Chien Fat ; Zainal Abidin, Izham ; Mohamed Sahari, Khairul Salleh. / Development of nylon-based artificial muscles for the usage in robotic prosthetic limb. Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering: From Theory to Applications - Proceedings of the International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering, IC3E 2017. editor / Lukman Audah ; Dirman Hanafi ; Mohd Norzali Hj Mohd ; Omar Abu Hassan ; Mohammad Arif Ilyas ; Noor Mazliza Badrul Sham ; Syadia Nabilah Mohd Safuan ; Mohd Helmy Abd Wahab ; Che Ku Afifah Che Ku Viet ; Nor Akmal Mohd Jamail ; Anis Azwani Muhd Suberi ; Chin Fhong Soon. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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title = "Development of nylon-based artificial muscles for the usage in robotic prosthetic limb",
abstract = "This paper describes the development of nylon-based artificial muscles that is intended to be used in prosthetic limb for young amputees. Prosthetic limbs are very expensive and this situation is further compounded for young amputees who are very quickly out-grow their prosthesis. The proposed artificial muscles are made of nylon fishing strings from various size such as 0.45mm, 0.55mm, 0.65mm and 1.00mm. These fishing strings were twisted into coils to create Super Coiled Polymers (SCP) and tested using hot air blower. These artificial muscles react counterintuitively, where when it is exposed to heat, contracts, and when cooled, expands. Peltier devices, when switched-on acts as heat pump, where one side is hot and the other is cold. This phenomenon, when affixed in between 2 SCP's, creates tandem motion similar to triceps and biceps. As initial study, the hot side of the Peltier module was tested using these artificial muscles. The string was measured for both its force production, length contraction, the initial results were promising.",
author = "Atikah, {Nurul Anis} and Leong, {Yeng Weng} and Adzly Anuar and Chau, {Chien Fat} and {Zainal Abidin}, Izham and {Mohamed Sahari}, {Khairul Salleh}",
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language = "English",
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Atikah, NA, Leong, YW, Anuar, A, Chau, CF, Zainal Abidin, I & Mohamed Sahari, KS 2017, Development of nylon-based artificial muscles for the usage in robotic prosthetic limb. in L Audah, D Hanafi, MNH Mohd, OA Hassan, MA Ilyas, NMB Sham, SNM Safuan, MHA Wahab, CKACK Viet, NAM Jamail, AAM Suberi & CF Soon (eds), Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering: From Theory to Applications - Proceedings of the International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering, IC3E 2017., 020042, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1883, American Institute of Physics Inc., 1st International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering: Advancing Engineering Towards Sustainable Future, IC3E 2017, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, 14/08/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5002060

Development of nylon-based artificial muscles for the usage in robotic prosthetic limb. / Atikah, Nurul Anis; Leong, Yeng Weng; Anuar, Adzly; Chau, Chien Fat; Zainal Abidin, Izham; Mohamed Sahari, Khairul Salleh.

Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering: From Theory to Applications - Proceedings of the International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering, IC3E 2017. ed. / Lukman Audah; Dirman Hanafi; Mohd Norzali Hj Mohd; Omar Abu Hassan; Mohammad Arif Ilyas; Noor Mazliza Badrul Sham; Syadia Nabilah Mohd Safuan; Mohd Helmy Abd Wahab; Che Ku Afifah Che Ku Viet; Nor Akmal Mohd Jamail; Anis Azwani Muhd Suberi; Chin Fhong Soon. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. 020042 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1883).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - This paper describes the development of nylon-based artificial muscles that is intended to be used in prosthetic limb for young amputees. Prosthetic limbs are very expensive and this situation is further compounded for young amputees who are very quickly out-grow their prosthesis. The proposed artificial muscles are made of nylon fishing strings from various size such as 0.45mm, 0.55mm, 0.65mm and 1.00mm. These fishing strings were twisted into coils to create Super Coiled Polymers (SCP) and tested using hot air blower. These artificial muscles react counterintuitively, where when it is exposed to heat, contracts, and when cooled, expands. Peltier devices, when switched-on acts as heat pump, where one side is hot and the other is cold. This phenomenon, when affixed in between 2 SCP's, creates tandem motion similar to triceps and biceps. As initial study, the hot side of the Peltier module was tested using these artificial muscles. The string was measured for both its force production, length contraction, the initial results were promising.

AB - This paper describes the development of nylon-based artificial muscles that is intended to be used in prosthetic limb for young amputees. Prosthetic limbs are very expensive and this situation is further compounded for young amputees who are very quickly out-grow their prosthesis. The proposed artificial muscles are made of nylon fishing strings from various size such as 0.45mm, 0.55mm, 0.65mm and 1.00mm. These fishing strings were twisted into coils to create Super Coiled Polymers (SCP) and tested using hot air blower. These artificial muscles react counterintuitively, where when it is exposed to heat, contracts, and when cooled, expands. Peltier devices, when switched-on acts as heat pump, where one side is hot and the other is cold. This phenomenon, when affixed in between 2 SCP's, creates tandem motion similar to triceps and biceps. As initial study, the hot side of the Peltier module was tested using these artificial muscles. The string was measured for both its force production, length contraction, the initial results were promising.

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A2 - Audah, Lukman

A2 - Hanafi, Dirman

A2 - Mohd, Mohd Norzali Hj

A2 - Hassan, Omar Abu

A2 - Ilyas, Mohammad Arif

A2 - Sham, Noor Mazliza Badrul

A2 - Safuan, Syadia Nabilah Mohd

A2 - Wahab, Mohd Helmy Abd

A2 - Viet, Che Ku Afifah Che Ku

A2 - Jamail, Nor Akmal Mohd

A2 - Suberi, Anis Azwani Muhd

A2 - Soon, Chin Fhong

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

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Atikah NA, Leong YW, Anuar A, Chau CF, Zainal Abidin I, Mohamed Sahari KS. Development of nylon-based artificial muscles for the usage in robotic prosthetic limb. In Audah L, Hanafi D, Mohd MNH, Hassan OA, Ilyas MA, Sham NMB, Safuan SNM, Wahab MHA, Viet CKACK, Jamail NAM, Suberi AAM, Soon CF, editors, Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering: From Theory to Applications - Proceedings of the International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering, IC3E 2017. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2017. 020042. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5002060