Development of kenaf fibre reinforced polymer laminate for shear strengthening of reinforced concrete beam

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fabrication of green fibre composite laminate for strengthening of reinforced concrete structure is one of the current interests in the field of construction industry. The aim of this research was to develop kenaf fibre reinforced polymer (KFRP) laminate for shear strengthening of reinforced concrete beam. Comprehensive design and theoretical models were also proposed for KFRP laminate shear strengthened beam. In the experimental programme, KFRP laminate had been fabricated with various fibre content to obtain optimal mix ratio. Physical and mechanical properties of KFRP laminates were experimentally investigated. Three reinforced concrete beam specimens were prepared for structural investigations. Results showed that KFRP laminate with maximum fibre content had the highest tensile strength and the laminate was found to be elastic isotropic in nature. The KFRP laminate strengthened beam had 100 % higher shear crack load and 33 % ultimate failure load as compared to un-strengthened control beam. It reduced the numbers and width of cracks and had shown strain compatibility behavior with shear reinforcement. The failure load, ductility, crack patterns and strain characteristics of KFRP laminate strengthened beam were found to be closely comparable with CFRP laminate strengthened beam. The experimental results satisfactorily verified the proposed design and theoretical models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)795-811
Number of pages17
JournalMaterials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2016

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Kenaf fibers
Laminates
Reinforced concrete
Polymers
Cracks
Fibers
Carbon fiber reinforced plastics
Strengthening (metal)
Construction industry
Concrete construction
Ductility
Loads (forces)
Reinforcement
Tensile strength
Physical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

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title = "Development of kenaf fibre reinforced polymer laminate for shear strengthening of reinforced concrete beam",
abstract = "Fabrication of green fibre composite laminate for strengthening of reinforced concrete structure is one of the current interests in the field of construction industry. The aim of this research was to develop kenaf fibre reinforced polymer (KFRP) laminate for shear strengthening of reinforced concrete beam. Comprehensive design and theoretical models were also proposed for KFRP laminate shear strengthened beam. In the experimental programme, KFRP laminate had been fabricated with various fibre content to obtain optimal mix ratio. Physical and mechanical properties of KFRP laminates were experimentally investigated. Three reinforced concrete beam specimens were prepared for structural investigations. Results showed that KFRP laminate with maximum fibre content had the highest tensile strength and the laminate was found to be elastic isotropic in nature. The KFRP laminate strengthened beam had 100 {\%} higher shear crack load and 33 {\%} ultimate failure load as compared to un-strengthened control beam. It reduced the numbers and width of cracks and had shown strain compatibility behavior with shear reinforcement. The failure load, ductility, crack patterns and strain characteristics of KFRP laminate strengthened beam were found to be closely comparable with CFRP laminate strengthened beam. The experimental results satisfactorily verified the proposed design and theoretical models.",
author = "Alam, {Md Ashraful} and Ahmed Hassan and Muda, {Zakaria Che}",
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AU - Hassan, Ahmed

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AB - Fabrication of green fibre composite laminate for strengthening of reinforced concrete structure is one of the current interests in the field of construction industry. The aim of this research was to develop kenaf fibre reinforced polymer (KFRP) laminate for shear strengthening of reinforced concrete beam. Comprehensive design and theoretical models were also proposed for KFRP laminate shear strengthened beam. In the experimental programme, KFRP laminate had been fabricated with various fibre content to obtain optimal mix ratio. Physical and mechanical properties of KFRP laminates were experimentally investigated. Three reinforced concrete beam specimens were prepared for structural investigations. Results showed that KFRP laminate with maximum fibre content had the highest tensile strength and the laminate was found to be elastic isotropic in nature. The KFRP laminate strengthened beam had 100 % higher shear crack load and 33 % ultimate failure load as compared to un-strengthened control beam. It reduced the numbers and width of cracks and had shown strain compatibility behavior with shear reinforcement. The failure load, ductility, crack patterns and strain characteristics of KFRP laminate strengthened beam were found to be closely comparable with CFRP laminate strengthened beam. The experimental results satisfactorily verified the proposed design and theoretical models.

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