Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine

Michael Angus Adamson, Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki, Nur Fadilah Ab Aziz, Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar, Nazmi Sellami, Draco Iyi, Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez, Nurul Aini Bani, Abdullahi Abubakar Mas'ud, Abu Bakar Munir, Siti Hajar Mohd Yasin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the United Kingdom (UK), homeowners who install grid connected renewable energy sources receive a threefold benefit. They can use the electricity generated by the source, they enjoy reduced household bills and they can also receive Feed-in Tariff payments from the UK government. Tariffs are paid for generating electricity and for exporting electricity back to the grid. Savings can be maximized by correctly managing the ratio of number of units consumed by the homeowner to the number of units exported to the grid. In order to achieve a low percentage export situation, it was postulated that a control system would be needed. This paper proposes a control system for a small wind turbine based on an Arduino Uno microcontroller. The system was designed and built in order to evaluate its effectiveness. Results showed that the control system was effective in ensuring a low percentage export. When immediate domestic demand was met, surplus electricity was diverted to a storage circuit. Only as a last resort, when domestic and storage demand was met, was electricity exported. A cost analysis of the system showed that having a control system incorporated as part of the wind turbine installation could lead to savings of more than 12,000 over the life of the product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2249-2258
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience
Volume16
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Adamson, M. A., Muhammad-Sukki, F., Aziz, N. F. A., Abu-Bakar, S. H., Sellami, N., Iyi, D., Ramirez-Iniguez, R., Bani, N. A., Mas'ud, A. A., Munir, A. B., & Yasin, S. H. M. (2019). Development of a control system for a domestic grid-connected wind turbine. Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, 16(5-6), 2249-2258. https://doi.org/10.1166/jctn.2019.7881