Design of the controller cooling system of an electric vehicle

Md Mujibur Rahman, T. J. Hua, H. Y. Rahman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As an effort in reducing the dependency on fossil fuel, efforts have been gathered to develop electric vehicle (EV) for the past decades. Technology of electric vehicles (EV) has been initialized in developed countries. However, the latter have different geographical and environmental conditions. Therefore, the system of EV cannot be utilized directly in this country. The controller of an EV functions by utilizing a potentiometer; supplying a certain amount of voltage from the batteries to the motor by driver’s force applied to the acceleration pedal. This action generates a huge amount of heat due to the internal resistance of the controller (e.g. potentiometer). In order for an EV to operate at optimum condition, temperature of the controller has to be maintained at a certain limit. Hence an effective cooling system is required to be designed to fulfill the above condition. The objective of this paper is to present the design of the cooling system for the controller of an electric vehicle (EV). Two types of cooling system namely liquid cooled plate heat exchanger and forced air cooled finned structure are designed and evaluated to assess the behavior of heat transfer as well as effects of heat transfer fluids and cooling system material towards the heat removal rate. Simulation using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for both cooling systems has been carried out to have better understanding. CFD results are compared with some of the analytical results. The findings revealed that both systems are suitable to be implemented as EV controller cooling system in Malaysian Environment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAutomotive Engineering and Mobility Research
EditorsRozli Zulkifli, Shahrum Abdullah, Sallehuddin Mohamed Haris, Zulkifli Mohd Nopiah, Zambri Harun, Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor, Rozli Zulkifli, Shahrum Abdullah, Sallehuddin Mohamed Haris, Zulkifli Mohd Nopiah, Zambri Harun, Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor, Nor Kamaliana Khamis
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages213-217
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9783038352617
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2014
Event2nd International Conference on Recent Advances in Automotive Engineering and Mobility Research, ReCAR 2013 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 16 Dec 201318 Dec 2013

Publication series

NameApplied Mechanics and Materials
Volume663
ISSN (Print)1660-9336
ISSN (Electronic)1662-7482

Other

Other2nd International Conference on Recent Advances in Automotive Engineering and Mobility Research, ReCAR 2013
CountryMalaysia
CityKuala Lumpur
Period16/12/1318/12/13

Fingerprint

Electric vehicles
Cooling systems
Controllers
Computational fluid dynamics
Heat transfer
Fossil fuels
Heat exchangers
Fluids
Liquids
Electric potential
Air

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Rahman, M. M., Hua, T. J., & Rahman, H. Y. (2014). Design of the controller cooling system of an electric vehicle. In R. Zulkifli, S. Abdullah, S. M. Haris, Z. M. Nopiah, Z. Harun, M. R. A. Mansor, R. Zulkifli, S. Abdullah, S. M. Haris, Z. M. Nopiah, Z. Harun, M. R. A. Mansor, ... N. K. Khamis (Eds.), Automotive Engineering and Mobility Research (pp. 213-217). (Applied Mechanics and Materials; Vol. 663). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.663.213
Rahman, Md Mujibur ; Hua, T. J. ; Rahman, H. Y. / Design of the controller cooling system of an electric vehicle. Automotive Engineering and Mobility Research. editor / Rozli Zulkifli ; Shahrum Abdullah ; Sallehuddin Mohamed Haris ; Zulkifli Mohd Nopiah ; Zambri Harun ; Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor ; Rozli Zulkifli ; Shahrum Abdullah ; Sallehuddin Mohamed Haris ; Zulkifli Mohd Nopiah ; Zambri Harun ; Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor ; Nor Kamaliana Khamis. Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2014. pp. 213-217 (Applied Mechanics and Materials).
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title = "Design of the controller cooling system of an electric vehicle",
abstract = "As an effort in reducing the dependency on fossil fuel, efforts have been gathered to develop electric vehicle (EV) for the past decades. Technology of electric vehicles (EV) has been initialized in developed countries. However, the latter have different geographical and environmental conditions. Therefore, the system of EV cannot be utilized directly in this country. The controller of an EV functions by utilizing a potentiometer; supplying a certain amount of voltage from the batteries to the motor by driver’s force applied to the acceleration pedal. This action generates a huge amount of heat due to the internal resistance of the controller (e.g. potentiometer). In order for an EV to operate at optimum condition, temperature of the controller has to be maintained at a certain limit. Hence an effective cooling system is required to be designed to fulfill the above condition. The objective of this paper is to present the design of the cooling system for the controller of an electric vehicle (EV). Two types of cooling system namely liquid cooled plate heat exchanger and forced air cooled finned structure are designed and evaluated to assess the behavior of heat transfer as well as effects of heat transfer fluids and cooling system material towards the heat removal rate. Simulation using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for both cooling systems has been carried out to have better understanding. CFD results are compared with some of the analytical results. The findings revealed that both systems are suitable to be implemented as EV controller cooling system in Malaysian Environment.",
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Rahman, MM, Hua, TJ & Rahman, HY 2014, Design of the controller cooling system of an electric vehicle. in R Zulkifli, S Abdullah, SM Haris, ZM Nopiah, Z Harun, MRA Mansor, R Zulkifli, S Abdullah, SM Haris, ZM Nopiah, Z Harun, MRA Mansor & NK Khamis (eds), Automotive Engineering and Mobility Research. Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 663, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 213-217, 2nd International Conference on Recent Advances in Automotive Engineering and Mobility Research, ReCAR 2013, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 16/12/13. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.663.213

Design of the controller cooling system of an electric vehicle. / Rahman, Md Mujibur; Hua, T. J.; Rahman, H. Y.

Automotive Engineering and Mobility Research. ed. / Rozli Zulkifli; Shahrum Abdullah; Sallehuddin Mohamed Haris; Zulkifli Mohd Nopiah; Zambri Harun; Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor; Rozli Zulkifli; Shahrum Abdullah; Sallehuddin Mohamed Haris; Zulkifli Mohd Nopiah; Zambri Harun; Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor; Nor Kamaliana Khamis. Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2014. p. 213-217 (Applied Mechanics and Materials; Vol. 663).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Hua, T. J.

AU - Rahman, H. Y.

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N2 - As an effort in reducing the dependency on fossil fuel, efforts have been gathered to develop electric vehicle (EV) for the past decades. Technology of electric vehicles (EV) has been initialized in developed countries. However, the latter have different geographical and environmental conditions. Therefore, the system of EV cannot be utilized directly in this country. The controller of an EV functions by utilizing a potentiometer; supplying a certain amount of voltage from the batteries to the motor by driver’s force applied to the acceleration pedal. This action generates a huge amount of heat due to the internal resistance of the controller (e.g. potentiometer). In order for an EV to operate at optimum condition, temperature of the controller has to be maintained at a certain limit. Hence an effective cooling system is required to be designed to fulfill the above condition. The objective of this paper is to present the design of the cooling system for the controller of an electric vehicle (EV). Two types of cooling system namely liquid cooled plate heat exchanger and forced air cooled finned structure are designed and evaluated to assess the behavior of heat transfer as well as effects of heat transfer fluids and cooling system material towards the heat removal rate. Simulation using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for both cooling systems has been carried out to have better understanding. CFD results are compared with some of the analytical results. The findings revealed that both systems are suitable to be implemented as EV controller cooling system in Malaysian Environment.

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BT - Automotive Engineering and Mobility Research

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A2 - Abdullah, Shahrum

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Rahman MM, Hua TJ, Rahman HY. Design of the controller cooling system of an electric vehicle. In Zulkifli R, Abdullah S, Haris SM, Nopiah ZM, Harun Z, Mansor MRA, Zulkifli R, Abdullah S, Haris SM, Nopiah ZM, Harun Z, Mansor MRA, Khamis NK, editors, Automotive Engineering and Mobility Research. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2014. p. 213-217. (Applied Mechanics and Materials). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.663.213