Cotton dyeing wastewater characteristics and its treatment efficiency using coconut shell activated carbon and limestone powder

Mohamad Anuar Kamaruddin, Mohd Suffian Yusoff, Mohd Hafiz Zawawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Textile wastewater often contains a mix of chemicals, solvents and additives which require numerous physical and chemical treatment methods that tolerate a wide range of pollutants. The application of adsorption treatment for textile wastewater has been studied for years. However, there is very limited data available on the development of eco-friendly composite adsorbent derived from the coconut shell activated carbon (CSAC) and limestone powder (LP) as the core materials and sea-weed algae as the core binder. An attempt was made to determine the effect of sequential treatments of individual adsorbent specifically for the removal of COD, color and Cu(II) from the cotton dyeing wastewater. From the single stage adsorption procedure, CSAC dosage of 8 g/L. was able to remove 49%, 45% and 31% of the COD, color and Cu(II), respectively. Meanwhile, a 6 g/L of LP was found optimum to remove more than 34% of the same parameters. The results also revealed that in order to obtain the spherical bead of adsorbent, 1 to 3% (w/v) of sea-weed algae was required. Furthermore, increasing the molarity of calcium crosslinks led to better beads formation in the range of 3 - 5 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Engineering Research
Volume5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sep 2017

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Limestone
Dyeing
Activated carbon
Adsorbents
Cotton
Wastewater
Algae
Powders
Textiles
Color
Adsorption
Binders
Calcium
Composite materials

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Textile wastewater often contains a mix of chemicals, solvents and additives which require numerous physical and chemical treatment methods that tolerate a wide range of pollutants. The application of adsorption treatment for textile wastewater has been studied for years. However, there is very limited data available on the development of eco-friendly composite adsorbent derived from the coconut shell activated carbon (CSAC) and limestone powder (LP) as the core materials and sea-weed algae as the core binder. An attempt was made to determine the effect of sequential treatments of individual adsorbent specifically for the removal of COD, color and Cu(II) from the cotton dyeing wastewater. From the single stage adsorption procedure, CSAC dosage of 8 g/L. was able to remove 49{\%}, 45{\%} and 31{\%} of the COD, color and Cu(II), respectively. Meanwhile, a 6 g/L of LP was found optimum to remove more than 34{\%} of the same parameters. The results also revealed that in order to obtain the spherical bead of adsorbent, 1 to 3{\%} (w/v) of sea-weed algae was required. Furthermore, increasing the molarity of calcium crosslinks led to better beads formation in the range of 3 - 5 mm.",
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Cotton dyeing wastewater characteristics and its treatment efficiency using coconut shell activated carbon and limestone powder. / Kamaruddin, Mohamad Anuar; Yusoff, Mohd Suffian; Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz.

In: Journal of Engineering Research, Vol. 5, No. 3, 01.09.2017, p. 1-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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