Characterization of uranium bearing material using X-ray fluorescence and direct gamma-rays measurement techniques

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Uranium ore can be easily detected due to various gamma-ray energies emitted from uranium daughters particularly from 238U daughters such as 214Bi, 214Pb and 226Ra. After uranium is extracted from uranium ore, only low energy gamma-rays emitted from 235U may be detected if the detector is placed in close contact to the specimen. In this research, identification and characterization of uranium bearing materials is experimentally investigated using direct measurement of gamma-rays from 235U in combination with the X-ray fluorescence (XRF) technique. Measurement of gamma-rays can be conducted by using high purity germanium (HPGe) detector or cadmium telluride (CdTe) detector while a 57Coradioisotope-excited XRF spectrometer using CdTe detector is used for elemental analysis. The proposed technique was tested with various uranium bearing specimens containing natural, depleted and enriched uranium in both metallic and powder forms.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure
Subtitle of host publicationProceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015
EditorsZaini Hamzah, Abdul Aziz Mohamed, Faridah Mohamad Idris, Abu Bakar Hasan
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413511
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2016
Event6th International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015 - Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Duration: 17 Aug 201519 Aug 2015

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1704
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other6th International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015
CountryMalaysia
CityNilai, Negeri Sembilan
Period17/08/1519/08/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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  • Cite this

    Mujaini, M., Chankow, N., Yusoff, M. Z., & A. Hamid, N. (2016). Characterization of uranium bearing material using X-ray fluorescence and direct gamma-rays measurement techniques. In Z. Hamzah, A. A. Mohamed, F. M. Idris, & A. B. Hasan (Eds.), Advancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015 [040005] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1704). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4940091