Axial ratio enhancement of equilateral triangular-ring slot antenna using coupled diagonal line slots

Asif Awaludin, Josaphat T.S. Sumantyo, Cahya E. Santosa, Mohd Z. Baharuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


Wideband circularly polarized antenna is required for many satellite applications. Circularly polarized (CP) Equilateral Triangular-Ring Slot (ETRS) antenna has narrow 3-dB axial ratio bandwidth (ARBW) compared to its impedance bandwidth. Two diagonal line slots were introduced to ETRS for enhancing its 3-dB ARBW. The diagonal line slots were inserted on the left and right side of ETRS. Lengths of the left and right line slots correspond to the lowest and highest frequencies of ETRS antenna 3-dB ARBW, respectively. Both diagonal line slots have successfully improved 3-dB ARBW of ETRS antenna by achieving 680 MHz or 37% fractional bandwidth. Measured results of x-z and y-z planes of radiation patterns also confirm that the antenna has bidirectional radiation and presents good CP performance within its 3-dB ARBW. ETRS antenna RHCP gain is also improved thanks to the diagonal line slots insertion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-109
Number of pages11
JournalProgress In Electromagnetics Research C
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2016


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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