Analysis of the particle size distribution of runoff sediment transported from water hyacinth fiber mat

Ming Fai Chow, H. Hashrim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The uses of natural fibre mat for soil erosion control is increasingly popular due to the present-day need of alternate sustainable materials. This study is aimed to analyze the particle size distribution of sediment runoff transported from water hyacinth fiber mat under artificial rainfall. The natural fiber mat used in the study was made from the stem of water hyacinth with opening size of 30mm x 30mm. The potential of water hyacinth fibre mat (WHFM) was evaluated in laboratory experiment for 30° slope under two types of rainfall intensities. The results showed that the mass of soil loss had reduced by averagely 83% when covered by WHFM compared to bare soil for both types of rainfall intensities. It can be seen that the sediments collected at 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes during the simulated rainfall period were mainly soil particle that passed through the 0.30 mm sieve compared to sediments collected at 25 and 30 minutes that passing through 0.063mm sieve. WHFM was successfully proved that can be implemented as soil erosion control for hilly slope condition.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture, IConGDM 2019
EditorsShayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Bin Abdullah
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735418714
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2019
Event5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2019, IConGDM 2019 - Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Duration: 29 Apr 201930 Apr 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2129
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2019, IConGDM 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityKota Bandung, Jawa Barat
Period29/04/1930/04/19

Fingerprint

Eichhornia crassipes
particle size distribution
drainage
runoff
sediments
particle size
fibers
natural fibers
soil erosion
erosion control
sediment
water
rain intensity
sieves
soils
precipitation intensity
rainfall
slopes
rainfall simulation
bare soil

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Chow, M. F., & Hashrim, H. (2019). Analysis of the particle size distribution of runoff sediment transported from water hyacinth fiber mat. In S. Z. B. A. Rahim, & M. M. A-B. B. Abdullah (Eds.), 5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture, IConGDM 2019 [020015] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2129). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5118023
Chow, Ming Fai ; Hashrim, H. / Analysis of the particle size distribution of runoff sediment transported from water hyacinth fiber mat. 5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture, IConGDM 2019. editor / Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim ; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Bin Abdullah. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2019. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
@inproceedings{630d0962159740d390fc5225e8c66dcd,
title = "Analysis of the particle size distribution of runoff sediment transported from water hyacinth fiber mat",
abstract = "The uses of natural fibre mat for soil erosion control is increasingly popular due to the present-day need of alternate sustainable materials. This study is aimed to analyze the particle size distribution of sediment runoff transported from water hyacinth fiber mat under artificial rainfall. The natural fiber mat used in the study was made from the stem of water hyacinth with opening size of 30mm x 30mm. The potential of water hyacinth fibre mat (WHFM) was evaluated in laboratory experiment for 30° slope under two types of rainfall intensities. The results showed that the mass of soil loss had reduced by averagely 83{\%} when covered by WHFM compared to bare soil for both types of rainfall intensities. It can be seen that the sediments collected at 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes during the simulated rainfall period were mainly soil particle that passed through the 0.30 mm sieve compared to sediments collected at 25 and 30 minutes that passing through 0.063mm sieve. WHFM was successfully proved that can be implemented as soil erosion control for hilly slope condition.",
author = "Chow, {Ming Fai} and H. Hashrim",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1063/1.5118023",
language = "English",
series = "AIP Conference Proceedings",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",
editor = "Rahim, {Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd.} and Abdullah, {Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Bin}",
booktitle = "5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture, IConGDM 2019",

}

Chow, MF & Hashrim, H 2019, Analysis of the particle size distribution of runoff sediment transported from water hyacinth fiber mat. in SZBA Rahim & MMA-BB Abdullah (eds), 5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture, IConGDM 2019., 020015, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2129, American Institute of Physics Inc., 5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2019, IConGDM 2019, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia, 29/04/19. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5118023

Analysis of the particle size distribution of runoff sediment transported from water hyacinth fiber mat. / Chow, Ming Fai; Hashrim, H.

5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture, IConGDM 2019. ed. / Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Bin Abdullah. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2019. 020015 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2129).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Analysis of the particle size distribution of runoff sediment transported from water hyacinth fiber mat

AU - Chow, Ming Fai

AU - Hashrim, H.

PY - 2019/7/30

Y1 - 2019/7/30

N2 - The uses of natural fibre mat for soil erosion control is increasingly popular due to the present-day need of alternate sustainable materials. This study is aimed to analyze the particle size distribution of sediment runoff transported from water hyacinth fiber mat under artificial rainfall. The natural fiber mat used in the study was made from the stem of water hyacinth with opening size of 30mm x 30mm. The potential of water hyacinth fibre mat (WHFM) was evaluated in laboratory experiment for 30° slope under two types of rainfall intensities. The results showed that the mass of soil loss had reduced by averagely 83% when covered by WHFM compared to bare soil for both types of rainfall intensities. It can be seen that the sediments collected at 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes during the simulated rainfall period were mainly soil particle that passed through the 0.30 mm sieve compared to sediments collected at 25 and 30 minutes that passing through 0.063mm sieve. WHFM was successfully proved that can be implemented as soil erosion control for hilly slope condition.

AB - The uses of natural fibre mat for soil erosion control is increasingly popular due to the present-day need of alternate sustainable materials. This study is aimed to analyze the particle size distribution of sediment runoff transported from water hyacinth fiber mat under artificial rainfall. The natural fiber mat used in the study was made from the stem of water hyacinth with opening size of 30mm x 30mm. The potential of water hyacinth fibre mat (WHFM) was evaluated in laboratory experiment for 30° slope under two types of rainfall intensities. The results showed that the mass of soil loss had reduced by averagely 83% when covered by WHFM compared to bare soil for both types of rainfall intensities. It can be seen that the sediments collected at 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes during the simulated rainfall period were mainly soil particle that passed through the 0.30 mm sieve compared to sediments collected at 25 and 30 minutes that passing through 0.063mm sieve. WHFM was successfully proved that can be implemented as soil erosion control for hilly slope condition.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070541068&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85070541068&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.5118023

DO - 10.1063/1.5118023

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - AIP Conference Proceedings

BT - 5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture, IConGDM 2019

A2 - Rahim, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd.

A2 - Abdullah, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Bin

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -

Chow MF, Hashrim H. Analysis of the particle size distribution of runoff sediment transported from water hyacinth fiber mat. In Rahim SZBA, Abdullah MMA-BB, editors, 5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture, IConGDM 2019. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2019. 020015. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5118023