Analysis of the particle size distribution of runoff sediment transported from water hyacinth fiber mat

Ming Fai Chow, H. Hashrim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The uses of natural fibre mat for soil erosion control is increasingly popular due to the present-day need of alternate sustainable materials. This study is aimed to analyze the particle size distribution of sediment runoff transported from water hyacinth fiber mat under artificial rainfall. The natural fiber mat used in the study was made from the stem of water hyacinth with opening size of 30mm x 30mm. The potential of water hyacinth fibre mat (WHFM) was evaluated in laboratory experiment for 30° slope under two types of rainfall intensities. The results showed that the mass of soil loss had reduced by averagely 83% when covered by WHFM compared to bare soil for both types of rainfall intensities. It can be seen that the sediments collected at 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes during the simulated rainfall period were mainly soil particle that passed through the 0.30 mm sieve compared to sediments collected at 25 and 30 minutes that passing through 0.063mm sieve. WHFM was successfully proved that can be implemented as soil erosion control for hilly slope condition.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture, IConGDM 2019
EditorsShayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Bin Abdullah
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735418714
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2019
Event5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2019, IConGDM 2019 - Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Duration: 29 Apr 201930 Apr 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2129
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2019, IConGDM 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityKota Bandung, Jawa Barat
Period29/04/1930/04/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Chow, M. F., & Hashrim, H. (2019). Analysis of the particle size distribution of runoff sediment transported from water hyacinth fiber mat. In S. Z. B. A. Rahim, & M. M. A-B. B. Abdullah (Eds.), 5th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture, IConGDM 2019 [020015] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2129). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5118023