An overview of recent developments in biomass pyrolysis technologies

M. N. Uddin, Kuaanan Techato, Juntakan Taweekun, Md Mofijur Rahman, M. G. Rasul, T.m. Indra Mahlia, S. M. Ashrafur

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass is a promising sustainable and renewable energy source, due to its high diversity of sources, and as it is profusely obtainable everywhere in the world. It is the third most important fuel source used to generate electricity and for thermal applications, as 50% of the global population depends on biomass. The increase in availability and technological developments of recent years allow the use of biomass as a renewable energy source with low levels of emissions and environmental impacts. Biomass energy can be in the forms of biogas, bio-liquid, and bio-solid fuels. It can be used to replace fossil fuels in the power and transportation sectors. This paper critically reviews the facts and prospects of biomass, the pyrolysis process to obtain bio-oil, the impact of different pyrolysis technology (for example, temperature and speed of pyrolysis process), and the impact of various reactors. The paper also discusses different pyrolysis products, their yields, and factors affecting biomass products, including the present status of the pyrolysis process and future challenges. This study concluded that the characteristics of pyrolysis products depend on the biomass used, and what the pyrolysis product, such as bio-oil, can contribute to the local economy. Finally, more research, along with government subsidies and technology transfer, is needed to tackle the future challenges of the development of pyrolysis technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3115
JournalEnergies
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Nov 2018

Fingerprint

Pyrolysis
Biomass
Renewable Energy
Technology Transfer
Technology transfer
Biogas
Electricity
Fossil fuels
Reactor
Environmental impact
Sector
Availability
Liquid
Liquids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Uddin, M. N., Techato, K., Taweekun, J., Rahman, M. M., Rasul, M. G., Mahlia, T. M. I., & Ashrafur, S. M. (2018). An overview of recent developments in biomass pyrolysis technologies. Energies, 11(11), [3115]. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11113115
Uddin, M. N. ; Techato, Kuaanan ; Taweekun, Juntakan ; Rahman, Md Mofijur ; Rasul, M. G. ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra ; Ashrafur, S. M. / An overview of recent developments in biomass pyrolysis technologies. In: Energies. 2018 ; Vol. 11, No. 11.
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Uddin, MN, Techato, K, Taweekun, J, Rahman, MM, Rasul, MG, Mahlia, TMI & Ashrafur, SM 2018, 'An overview of recent developments in biomass pyrolysis technologies', Energies, vol. 11, no. 11, 3115. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11113115

An overview of recent developments in biomass pyrolysis technologies. / Uddin, M. N.; Techato, Kuaanan; Taweekun, Juntakan; Rahman, Md Mofijur; Rasul, M. G.; Mahlia, T.m. Indra; Ashrafur, S. M.

In: Energies, Vol. 11, No. 11, 3115, 01.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Uddin, M. N.

AU - Techato, Kuaanan

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AU - Mahlia, T.m. Indra

AU - Ashrafur, S. M.

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AB - Biomass is a promising sustainable and renewable energy source, due to its high diversity of sources, and as it is profusely obtainable everywhere in the world. It is the third most important fuel source used to generate electricity and for thermal applications, as 50% of the global population depends on biomass. The increase in availability and technological developments of recent years allow the use of biomass as a renewable energy source with low levels of emissions and environmental impacts. Biomass energy can be in the forms of biogas, bio-liquid, and bio-solid fuels. It can be used to replace fossil fuels in the power and transportation sectors. This paper critically reviews the facts and prospects of biomass, the pyrolysis process to obtain bio-oil, the impact of different pyrolysis technology (for example, temperature and speed of pyrolysis process), and the impact of various reactors. The paper also discusses different pyrolysis products, their yields, and factors affecting biomass products, including the present status of the pyrolysis process and future challenges. This study concluded that the characteristics of pyrolysis products depend on the biomass used, and what the pyrolysis product, such as bio-oil, can contribute to the local economy. Finally, more research, along with government subsidies and technology transfer, is needed to tackle the future challenges of the development of pyrolysis technology.

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Uddin MN, Techato K, Taweekun J, Rahman MM, Rasul MG, Mahlia TMI et al. An overview of recent developments in biomass pyrolysis technologies. Energies. 2018 Nov 1;11(11). 3115. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11113115