An Overview: Flood Catastrophe Of Kelantan Watershed In 2014

Lariyah Mohd Sidek, J. Aminah Shakirah, Nazirul Mubin Zahari, Milad Jajarmizadeh, M. N. Hanapi, S. Osman, Wan Hazdy Azad, ABDUL HAFIZ MOHAMMAD

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Abstract

One of the challenging topics in Malaysia is flood occurrence, which have important
impacts in human life and socioeconomic subjects. Malaysia, periodically, have faced
with huge floods since previous years. Kelantan river basin, which located in the
northeast of Peninsular Malaysia, is prone to flood events in Malaysia. Kelantan River
has been badly affected with flood during recent monsoon season on December 2014 due
to heavy monsoons rainfall and climate change issues. In this study, available rainfall
and waterlevel
data are analyzed and presented based on the flood event on December
2014. Generally, the flood area affected includes the districts of Kota Bharu, Kuala Krai,
Machang, Pasir Mas, Pasir Puteh, Tanah Merah, Gua Musang, and Tumpat at Kelantan
State. In the northeast monsoon season, the Kelantan State suffers from two phase of
flood. The first phase began on December 14–17, 2014, and the second phase occurred on
December 20–24, 2014. A comparison between accumulated rainfall on December and
whole year of 2014 at Gagau station shows that contribution of rainfall on December is
roughly 50 % of all of 2014. Overview of waterlevel
results at Kelantan watershed shows
that all areas are involved with highest record in 2014 in comparison with previous
decades except Golok area. Results of waterlevel
ranges show that most of the parts of
Kelantan watershed are involved with over danger values for flood in 2014, which Lebir
and Kelantan rivers have high increasing. In conclusion, it is suggested that there is a
need to have study on flood mitigation and recognition of critical hydrological
phenomena for sustainable strategies in Kelantan watershed. Consequently, thisresearch provides primary information as baseline study for upcoming research for water
resource management projects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages17-29
Number of pages12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2016

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Mohd Sidek, L., Aminah Shakirah, J., Zahari, N. M., Jajarmizadeh, M., Hanapi, M. N., Osman, S., Azad, W. H., & MOHAMMAD, ABDUL. HAFIZ. (2016). An Overview: Flood Catastrophe Of Kelantan Watershed In 2014 . 17-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/9789811005008_ 2