An experimental investigation of unmodified di diesel engine with hydrogen addition

R. Adnan, H. H. Masjuki, T. M.I. Mahlia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The consumption of fossil fuels spawns environmental considerations in addition to issues of energy demand, national security and resource availability. At global level, scientists warn that the combustion of fossil fuels is significantly changing the world's climate system. Local or regional concerns include smog, acid rain, and health implications of urban air pollution. Due to stringent emission norms and depletion of petroleum resources there has been a continuous effort to use alternative fuels such as hydrogen. It has its own benefits and limitations if it is used in conjunction with conventional fuel in diesel engine. The purpose of this article was to investigate the effect of hydrogen addition on performance and exhaust gas emission of stationary diesel engine. In this study, hydrogen was used as secondary fuel in a single cylinder 406 c.c. diesel engine. The hydrogen was injected through intake manifold and diesel was injected directly inside the combustion chamber. Series of experiments were conducted and it can be seen the effect of hydrogen addition in the increase of peak pressure from 5 bar to a maximum 21 bar, IMEP from 1.0 to 1.7 bar , indicated power from 4%-16%. There were also increases in NOx and CO emissions from 48-197 ppm and 423-758 ppm, respectively. Hydrogen addition causes increase in exhaust gas temperature from 3.1% to 10.2% particularly at 2500 rpm and reduction in O 2 emissions from 3.9% to 7.6% (by volume) throughout all engine speeds.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment
Subtitle of host publicationAdvancement Towards Global Sustainability
Pages45-49
Number of pages5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2009
Event2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability, ICEE 2009 - Malacca, Malaysia
Duration: 07 Dec 200908 Dec 2009

Publication series

NameICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability

Other

Other2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability, ICEE 2009
CountryMalaysia
CityMalacca
Period07/12/0908/12/09

Fingerprint

Diesel engines
Hydrogen
Exhaust gases
Fossil fuels
Acid rain
National security
Alternative fuels
Engine cylinders
Combustion chambers
Air pollution
Gas emissions
Crude oil
Health
Availability
Engines
Experiments
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Adnan, R., Masjuki, H. H., & Mahlia, T. M. I. (2009). An experimental investigation of unmodified di diesel engine with hydrogen addition. In ICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability (pp. 45-49). [5398672] (ICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEENVIRON.2009.5398672
Adnan, R. ; Masjuki, H. H. ; Mahlia, T. M.I. / An experimental investigation of unmodified di diesel engine with hydrogen addition. ICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability. 2009. pp. 45-49 (ICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability).
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abstract = "The consumption of fossil fuels spawns environmental considerations in addition to issues of energy demand, national security and resource availability. At global level, scientists warn that the combustion of fossil fuels is significantly changing the world's climate system. Local or regional concerns include smog, acid rain, and health implications of urban air pollution. Due to stringent emission norms and depletion of petroleum resources there has been a continuous effort to use alternative fuels such as hydrogen. It has its own benefits and limitations if it is used in conjunction with conventional fuel in diesel engine. The purpose of this article was to investigate the effect of hydrogen addition on performance and exhaust gas emission of stationary diesel engine. In this study, hydrogen was used as secondary fuel in a single cylinder 406 c.c. diesel engine. The hydrogen was injected through intake manifold and diesel was injected directly inside the combustion chamber. Series of experiments were conducted and it can be seen the effect of hydrogen addition in the increase of peak pressure from 5 bar to a maximum 21 bar, IMEP from 1.0 to 1.7 bar , indicated power from 4{\%}-16{\%}. There were also increases in NOx and CO emissions from 48-197 ppm and 423-758 ppm, respectively. Hydrogen addition causes increase in exhaust gas temperature from 3.1{\%} to 10.2{\%} particularly at 2500 rpm and reduction in O 2 emissions from 3.9{\%} to 7.6{\%} (by volume) throughout all engine speeds.",
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Adnan, R, Masjuki, HH & Mahlia, TMI 2009, An experimental investigation of unmodified di diesel engine with hydrogen addition. in ICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability., 5398672, ICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability, pp. 45-49, 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability, ICEE 2009, Malacca, Malaysia, 07/12/09. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEENVIRON.2009.5398672

An experimental investigation of unmodified di diesel engine with hydrogen addition. / Adnan, R.; Masjuki, H. H.; Mahlia, T. M.I.

ICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability. 2009. p. 45-49 5398672 (ICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - The consumption of fossil fuels spawns environmental considerations in addition to issues of energy demand, national security and resource availability. At global level, scientists warn that the combustion of fossil fuels is significantly changing the world's climate system. Local or regional concerns include smog, acid rain, and health implications of urban air pollution. Due to stringent emission norms and depletion of petroleum resources there has been a continuous effort to use alternative fuels such as hydrogen. It has its own benefits and limitations if it is used in conjunction with conventional fuel in diesel engine. The purpose of this article was to investigate the effect of hydrogen addition on performance and exhaust gas emission of stationary diesel engine. In this study, hydrogen was used as secondary fuel in a single cylinder 406 c.c. diesel engine. The hydrogen was injected through intake manifold and diesel was injected directly inside the combustion chamber. Series of experiments were conducted and it can be seen the effect of hydrogen addition in the increase of peak pressure from 5 bar to a maximum 21 bar, IMEP from 1.0 to 1.7 bar , indicated power from 4%-16%. There were also increases in NOx and CO emissions from 48-197 ppm and 423-758 ppm, respectively. Hydrogen addition causes increase in exhaust gas temperature from 3.1% to 10.2% particularly at 2500 rpm and reduction in O 2 emissions from 3.9% to 7.6% (by volume) throughout all engine speeds.

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Adnan R, Masjuki HH, Mahlia TMI. An experimental investigation of unmodified di diesel engine with hydrogen addition. In ICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability. 2009. p. 45-49. 5398672. (ICEE 2009 - Proceeding 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment: Advancement Towards Global Sustainability). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEENVIRON.2009.5398672