An experimental investigation of CNG as an alternative fuel for a retrofitted gasoline vehicle

M. U. Aslam, H. H. Masjuki, M. A. Kalam, H. Abdesselam, T.m. Indra Mahlia, M. A. Amalina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

150 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents test results obtained from running a 1.5 L, 4-cylinder Proton Magma retrofitted spark ignition car engine with dynamometer. Performance, fuel consumption and exhaust emissions measurements were recorded under steady state operating conditions for gasoline and compressed natural gas (CNG). The engine was converted to computer integrated bi-fueling system from a gasoline engine and was operated separately either with gasoline or CNG using an electronically controlled solenoid actuated valve system. A PC based data acquisition and control system was used for controlling all the operation. A comparative analysis of the performance and emissions has been made for gasoline and CNG. Based on the experimental results, it is transparent that CNG shows low brake mean effective pressure (BMEP), brake specific fuel consumptions (BSFC), higher efficiency and lower emissions of CO, CO2, HC but more NOx compared to gasoline.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-724
Number of pages8
JournalFuel
Volume85
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2006

Fingerprint

Compressed natural gas
Alternative fuels
Gasoline
Engines
Brakes
Fuel consumption
Fueling
Dynamometers
Solenoids
Carbon Monoxide
Engine cylinders
Electric sparks
Ignition
Protons
Data acquisition
Railroad cars
Control systems

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Aslam, M. U., Masjuki, H. H., Kalam, M. A., Abdesselam, H., Mahlia, T. M. I., & Amalina, M. A. (2006). An experimental investigation of CNG as an alternative fuel for a retrofitted gasoline vehicle. Fuel, 85(5-6), 717-724. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2005.09.004
Aslam, M. U. ; Masjuki, H. H. ; Kalam, M. A. ; Abdesselam, H. ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra ; Amalina, M. A. / An experimental investigation of CNG as an alternative fuel for a retrofitted gasoline vehicle. In: Fuel. 2006 ; Vol. 85, No. 5-6. pp. 717-724.
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Aslam, MU, Masjuki, HH, Kalam, MA, Abdesselam, H, Mahlia, TMI & Amalina, MA 2006, 'An experimental investigation of CNG as an alternative fuel for a retrofitted gasoline vehicle', Fuel, vol. 85, no. 5-6, pp. 717-724. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2005.09.004

An experimental investigation of CNG as an alternative fuel for a retrofitted gasoline vehicle. / Aslam, M. U.; Masjuki, H. H.; Kalam, M. A.; Abdesselam, H.; Mahlia, T.m. Indra; Amalina, M. A.

In: Fuel, Vol. 85, No. 5-6, 01.03.2006, p. 717-724.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Aslam, M. U.

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AB - This paper presents test results obtained from running a 1.5 L, 4-cylinder Proton Magma retrofitted spark ignition car engine with dynamometer. Performance, fuel consumption and exhaust emissions measurements were recorded under steady state operating conditions for gasoline and compressed natural gas (CNG). The engine was converted to computer integrated bi-fueling system from a gasoline engine and was operated separately either with gasoline or CNG using an electronically controlled solenoid actuated valve system. A PC based data acquisition and control system was used for controlling all the operation. A comparative analysis of the performance and emissions has been made for gasoline and CNG. Based on the experimental results, it is transparent that CNG shows low brake mean effective pressure (BMEP), brake specific fuel consumptions (BSFC), higher efficiency and lower emissions of CO, CO2, HC but more NOx compared to gasoline.

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