Air assist atomization characterization of palm biodiesel through experimental investigation and CFD simulation

Ee Sann Tan, M. Anwar, Kumaran Palanisamy, T.m. Indra Mahlia, Kunio Yoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The depletion of fossil fuel and environmental concerns have elevated biodiesel to emerge as a suitable alternative fuel to substitute diesel fuel. The study of spray formation is essential to improve the combustion systems of internal combustion engines and gas turbines. This paper aims to study the atomization characteristics of biodiesel derived from palm biodiesel through experimental test and simulation. The chemical fuel properties of biodiesel such as viscosity and density, will adversely affect the spray characteristics such as spray pattern, spray length, spray angle and Sauter Mean Diameter. The biodiesel fuels are blended with diesel in various ratios before being tested in an atomization test rig. Modelling of the atomizer are presented using computational fluid dynamics whereby comparisons are made with respect to the experimental results carried out in the atomizer test rig. There is no large discrepancy with the simulation results. The results showed that the higher content of biodiesel gives a larger droplet size and longer spray length. However, it produces smaller spray angle and spray width but with clearer vortex shape of spray pattern.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-577
Number of pages7
JournalBiofuels
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

Atomization
Biodiesel
spray
Computational fluid dynamics
air
Air
simulation
Atomizers
Alternative fuels
Diesel fuels
Internal combustion engines
Fossil fuels
Gas turbines
Vortex flow
alternative fuel
Viscosity
computational fluid dynamics
turbine
fossil fuel
droplet

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

@article{74b5d0187f6c4ca5b4156c21fe7392c9,
title = "Air assist atomization characterization of palm biodiesel through experimental investigation and CFD simulation",
abstract = "The depletion of fossil fuel and environmental concerns have elevated biodiesel to emerge as a suitable alternative fuel to substitute diesel fuel. The study of spray formation is essential to improve the combustion systems of internal combustion engines and gas turbines. This paper aims to study the atomization characteristics of biodiesel derived from palm biodiesel through experimental test and simulation. The chemical fuel properties of biodiesel such as viscosity and density, will adversely affect the spray characteristics such as spray pattern, spray length, spray angle and Sauter Mean Diameter. The biodiesel fuels are blended with diesel in various ratios before being tested in an atomization test rig. Modelling of the atomizer are presented using computational fluid dynamics whereby comparisons are made with respect to the experimental results carried out in the atomizer test rig. There is no large discrepancy with the simulation results. The results showed that the higher content of biodiesel gives a larger droplet size and longer spray length. However, it produces smaller spray angle and spray width but with clearer vortex shape of spray pattern.",
author = "Tan, {Ee Sann} and M. Anwar and Kumaran Palanisamy and Mahlia, {T.m. Indra} and Kunio Yoshikawa",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/17597269.2016.1242685",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "571--577",
journal = "Biofuels",
issn = "1759-7269",
publisher = "Future Science",
number = "5",

}

Air assist atomization characterization of palm biodiesel through experimental investigation and CFD simulation. / Tan, Ee Sann; Anwar, M.; Palanisamy, Kumaran; Mahlia, T.m. Indra; Yoshikawa, Kunio.

In: Biofuels, Vol. 8, No. 5, 03.09.2017, p. 571-577.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Air assist atomization characterization of palm biodiesel through experimental investigation and CFD simulation

AU - Tan, Ee Sann

AU - Anwar, M.

AU - Palanisamy, Kumaran

AU - Mahlia, T.m. Indra

AU - Yoshikawa, Kunio

PY - 2017/9/3

Y1 - 2017/9/3

N2 - The depletion of fossil fuel and environmental concerns have elevated biodiesel to emerge as a suitable alternative fuel to substitute diesel fuel. The study of spray formation is essential to improve the combustion systems of internal combustion engines and gas turbines. This paper aims to study the atomization characteristics of biodiesel derived from palm biodiesel through experimental test and simulation. The chemical fuel properties of biodiesel such as viscosity and density, will adversely affect the spray characteristics such as spray pattern, spray length, spray angle and Sauter Mean Diameter. The biodiesel fuels are blended with diesel in various ratios before being tested in an atomization test rig. Modelling of the atomizer are presented using computational fluid dynamics whereby comparisons are made with respect to the experimental results carried out in the atomizer test rig. There is no large discrepancy with the simulation results. The results showed that the higher content of biodiesel gives a larger droplet size and longer spray length. However, it produces smaller spray angle and spray width but with clearer vortex shape of spray pattern.

AB - The depletion of fossil fuel and environmental concerns have elevated biodiesel to emerge as a suitable alternative fuel to substitute diesel fuel. The study of spray formation is essential to improve the combustion systems of internal combustion engines and gas turbines. This paper aims to study the atomization characteristics of biodiesel derived from palm biodiesel through experimental test and simulation. The chemical fuel properties of biodiesel such as viscosity and density, will adversely affect the spray characteristics such as spray pattern, spray length, spray angle and Sauter Mean Diameter. The biodiesel fuels are blended with diesel in various ratios before being tested in an atomization test rig. Modelling of the atomizer are presented using computational fluid dynamics whereby comparisons are made with respect to the experimental results carried out in the atomizer test rig. There is no large discrepancy with the simulation results. The results showed that the higher content of biodiesel gives a larger droplet size and longer spray length. However, it produces smaller spray angle and spray width but with clearer vortex shape of spray pattern.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84991494397&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84991494397&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/17597269.2016.1242685

DO - 10.1080/17597269.2016.1242685

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84991494397

VL - 8

SP - 571

EP - 577

JO - Biofuels

JF - Biofuels

SN - 1759-7269

IS - 5

ER -