Advanced 3Y-TZP bioceramic doped with Al 2 O 3 and MnO 2 particles potentially for biomedical applications: Study on mechanical and degradation properties

Dinesh Ragurajan, Mohsen Golieskardi, Meenaloshini Satgunam, Md Enamul Hoque, Angela Min Hwei Ng, Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali, Ahmad Kamal Ariffin

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The effectiveness of Al 2 O 3 and MnO 2 in enhancing mechanical properties and retarding degradation of 3 mol% yttria stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystalline (3Y-TZP) ceramic samples was evaluated by pressureless sintering at temperatures ranging from 1250 °C to 1550 °C with standard holding time of 2 h. It was observed that the inclusion of Al 2 O 3 and MnO 2 into 3Y-TZP was beneficial for the improvement of mechanical properties and ageing resistance. The optimum amounts of dopants were determined to be of 0.6 wt% Al 2 O 3 and 0.4 wt% MnO 2 . Microstructural investigation revealed that at the same temperature, the tetragonal grain size was not influenced by the increase of dopant levels. With optimum dopants the 3Y-TZP ceramic (density 6.1 g/cm 3 ) samples demonstrated the Vickers hardness of 11.6 GPa, fracture toughness, K IC of 9.8 MPa m 1/2 , flexural strength of 900 MPa and Young's modulus of 210 GPa. Furthermore, the efficacy of the dopants (MnO 2 and Al 2 O 3 ) in retarding low-temperature degradation of 3Y-TZP ceramic during exposure in Ringer's solution at 37 °C was also evaluated. Overall, the degradation rate and weight loss of 0.6 wt% Al 2 O 3 and 0.4 wt% MnO 2 ceramic samples were 0.66% in 8 weeks as compared to the undoped samples. The 3Y-TZP bioceramic doped with Al 2 O 3 and MnO 2 could be a potential candidate material for biomedical applications (e.g. hip implants) due to its improved mechanical properties and superior ageing resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-442
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Research and Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2018


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys

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