Adsorption kinetics of colour removal from palm oil mill effluent using wastewater sludge carbon in column studies

S. R.M. Kutty, N. M.Y. Almahbashi, A. A.M. Nazrin, M. A. Malek, A. Noor, L. Baloo, A. A.S. Ghaleb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Treated palm oil mill effluents (POME) is of great concern as it still has colour from its dissolved organics which may pollute receiving water bodies. In this study, the removal of colour from treated palm oil mill effluent were investigated through adsorption studies using carbon derived from wastewater sludge (WSC). Sludge from activated sludge plants were dried and processed to produce WSC. In this study, three different bed depths of WSC were used: 5 cm, 10 cm, and 15 cm. For each bed depth, the flowrate was varied at three different values: 100 mL/hr, 50 mL/hr and 25 mL/hr. It was found that at bed depth of 5 cm, the breakthrough curves were occurred at 360 min, 150 min and 15 min for flowrates of 25, 50 and 100 mL/hr respectively. It was observed that at a particular depth the exhaustion time for column reduced as flow rate increases. Kinetic models, Adams-Bohart and Yoon-Nelson were used to analyze the performance of the adsorption. It was found that rate constant for Adams Bohart model decreased with the increase in bed depth. Adsorption capacity obtained from Adams-Bohart model ranged from 2676.19 mg/L up to 8938.78 mg/L. The maximum adsorption capacity increases with smaller bed depth. For Yoon-Nelson model, the rate constant decreases with increase in bed depth. The required time for 50% breakthrough obtained from the models ranged from 17.01 to 104.17 minutes for all three bed depths. The reduction of colour was found to be effective at all bed depths. The experimental data was best described by both models as with higher values of correlation coefficient (R2).

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere02439
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Kutty, S. R. M., Almahbashi, N. M. Y., Nazrin, A. A. M., Malek, M. A., Noor, A., Baloo, L., & Ghaleb, A. A. S. (2019). Adsorption kinetics of colour removal from palm oil mill effluent using wastewater sludge carbon in column studies. Heliyon, 5(10), [e02439].