A systematic review on data security and patient privacy issues in electronic medical records

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The adoption of Electronic Medical Records (EMR) in healthcare organizations has numerous benefits to physicians, patients, and healthcare services. However, unresolved security and privacy concerns pertaining to patient information cause relatively low adoption of EMR by health institutions. Safeguarding large amount of sensitive health data at different locations and forms proves to be a major challenge of EMR. In this paper, a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) is presented to (1) identify the security and privacy concerns in the adoption of EMR by health organizations and (2) to analyze the existing solutions in addressing the identified concerns. A total of 393 papers were found in this regard. After careful study and the removal of duplicate papers and screening of studies, 15 papers which met the inclusion criteria were selected for the review. This review will help researchers to be aware of the privacy and security concerns of EMR and the existing solutions. The review revealed that the security and privacy issues related to EMR are inadequately addressed. This study indicates that the technical and financial supports are insufficient to overcome the security issues of EMR, and thus, the success factors and security culture should be investigated. Developing countries meet many challenges in adopting EMR, especially due to the lack of security policy and background infrastructure. Hence, novel solutions such as best practice guidelines with respect to security and privacy are necessary to aid successfully adoption EMR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-115
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology
Volume90
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2016

Fingerprint

Electronic medical equipment
Data Security
Security of data
Privacy
Electronics
Health
Healthcare
Review
Security Policy
Literature Review
Best Practice
Developing Countries
Developing countries
Screening
Infrastructure
Inclusion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

@article{1145d89d84cc482b9fccfc687dd9aefa,
title = "A systematic review on data security and patient privacy issues in electronic medical records",
abstract = "The adoption of Electronic Medical Records (EMR) in healthcare organizations has numerous benefits to physicians, patients, and healthcare services. However, unresolved security and privacy concerns pertaining to patient information cause relatively low adoption of EMR by health institutions. Safeguarding large amount of sensitive health data at different locations and forms proves to be a major challenge of EMR. In this paper, a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) is presented to (1) identify the security and privacy concerns in the adoption of EMR by health organizations and (2) to analyze the existing solutions in addressing the identified concerns. A total of 393 papers were found in this regard. After careful study and the removal of duplicate papers and screening of studies, 15 papers which met the inclusion criteria were selected for the review. This review will help researchers to be aware of the privacy and security concerns of EMR and the existing solutions. The review revealed that the security and privacy issues related to EMR are inadequately addressed. This study indicates that the technical and financial supports are insufficient to overcome the security issues of EMR, and thus, the success factors and security culture should be investigated. Developing countries meet many challenges in adopting EMR, especially due to the lack of security policy and background infrastructure. Hence, novel solutions such as best practice guidelines with respect to security and privacy are necessary to aid successfully adoption EMR.",
author = "Amjad Mahfuth and {Ranjit Singh}, {Jaspaljeet Singh} and {Mohd Drus}, Sulfeeza",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "31",
language = "English",
volume = "90",
pages = "106--115",
journal = "Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology",
issn = "1992-8645",
publisher = "Asian Research Publishing Network (ARPN)",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A systematic review on data security and patient privacy issues in electronic medical records

AU - Mahfuth, Amjad

AU - Ranjit Singh, Jaspaljeet Singh

AU - Mohd Drus, Sulfeeza

PY - 2016/8/31

Y1 - 2016/8/31

N2 - The adoption of Electronic Medical Records (EMR) in healthcare organizations has numerous benefits to physicians, patients, and healthcare services. However, unresolved security and privacy concerns pertaining to patient information cause relatively low adoption of EMR by health institutions. Safeguarding large amount of sensitive health data at different locations and forms proves to be a major challenge of EMR. In this paper, a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) is presented to (1) identify the security and privacy concerns in the adoption of EMR by health organizations and (2) to analyze the existing solutions in addressing the identified concerns. A total of 393 papers were found in this regard. After careful study and the removal of duplicate papers and screening of studies, 15 papers which met the inclusion criteria were selected for the review. This review will help researchers to be aware of the privacy and security concerns of EMR and the existing solutions. The review revealed that the security and privacy issues related to EMR are inadequately addressed. This study indicates that the technical and financial supports are insufficient to overcome the security issues of EMR, and thus, the success factors and security culture should be investigated. Developing countries meet many challenges in adopting EMR, especially due to the lack of security policy and background infrastructure. Hence, novel solutions such as best practice guidelines with respect to security and privacy are necessary to aid successfully adoption EMR.

AB - The adoption of Electronic Medical Records (EMR) in healthcare organizations has numerous benefits to physicians, patients, and healthcare services. However, unresolved security and privacy concerns pertaining to patient information cause relatively low adoption of EMR by health institutions. Safeguarding large amount of sensitive health data at different locations and forms proves to be a major challenge of EMR. In this paper, a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) is presented to (1) identify the security and privacy concerns in the adoption of EMR by health organizations and (2) to analyze the existing solutions in addressing the identified concerns. A total of 393 papers were found in this regard. After careful study and the removal of duplicate papers and screening of studies, 15 papers which met the inclusion criteria were selected for the review. This review will help researchers to be aware of the privacy and security concerns of EMR and the existing solutions. The review revealed that the security and privacy issues related to EMR are inadequately addressed. This study indicates that the technical and financial supports are insufficient to overcome the security issues of EMR, and thus, the success factors and security culture should be investigated. Developing countries meet many challenges in adopting EMR, especially due to the lack of security policy and background infrastructure. Hence, novel solutions such as best practice guidelines with respect to security and privacy are necessary to aid successfully adoption EMR.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84984911340&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84984911340&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Review article

VL - 90

SP - 106

EP - 115

JO - Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology

JF - Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology

SN - 1992-8645

IS - 2

ER -