A study on the effects of different microbial inoculants on the decomposition of organic waste by using semi passive aerated reactor

M. A. Kamaruddin, F. A. Norashiddin, A. F.M. Idrus, Mohd Hafiz Zawawi, R. Alrozi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Food wastes disposed at landfills can be recovered and transformed into value-added product, which helps to solve the environmental issues of solid waste. In this study, a composting method whereby food wastes are converted into compost through decomposition by inoculants. The decomposition rate of the food wastes and dried leaves was enhanced by the compost functions as fertilisers for soil and plants. The proposed modified compost bin is an effective solution to decompose the food wastes which are placed evenly alternating between the dead leaves. The inoculant was poured onto the food waste and then layered by the dead leaves. The ratio of food wastes to dead leaves is 2:1. The inoculants used were Effective Microorganisms (EM), vermitea (VCT), obsolete pasteurised milk (OPM) and the control bin without any inoculant, respectively. The temperature and pH of each compost were monitored every three to four days for 10 weeks. It was found that the EM assisted compost stabilised faster compared to the other three of the VCT, OPM and control composts. By week 7, the EM compost has achieved all the criterion to be considered as stable and matured compost whereas the VCT compost achieved all the criterion only by week 9 but the OPM assisted compost did not meet all the criterion even by week 10. In week 7, the EM assisted compost showed the temperature of 22.4±0.55°C with pH 7.7±0.01. The moisture content, in the beginning, was 56% and at the end was 32% with a decreased of 24%. The C/N ratio is 12.48 and the germination test using mung beans showed that the compost has achieved 75% and is suitable to be used as fertilizer.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Design and Manufacture
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018
EditorsMuhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir, Romisuhani Ahmad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad, Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Liyana Binti Jamaludin
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417526
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09 Nov 2018
Event4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018 - Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
Duration: 29 Apr 201830 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2030
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018
CountryViet Nam
CityHo Chi Minh
Period29/04/1830/04/18

Fingerprint

food
reactors
microorganisms
decomposition
leaves
milk
fertilizers
composting
landfills
germination
solid wastes
moisture content
soils
temperature
products

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Kamaruddin, M. A., Norashiddin, F. A., Idrus, A. F. M., Zawawi, M. H., & Alrozi, R. (2018). A study on the effects of different microbial inoculants on the decomposition of organic waste by using semi passive aerated reactor. In M. F. B. M. Tahir, R. Ahmad, M. N. B. M. Saad, M. F. B. Ghazli, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, S. Z. B. A. Rahim, & L. B. Jamaludin (Eds.), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018 [020199] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066840
Kamaruddin, M. A. ; Norashiddin, F. A. ; Idrus, A. F.M. ; Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz ; Alrozi, R. / A study on the effects of different microbial inoculants on the decomposition of organic waste by using semi passive aerated reactor. Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. editor / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir ; Romisuhani Ahmad ; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad ; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli ; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim ; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "Food wastes disposed at landfills can be recovered and transformed into value-added product, which helps to solve the environmental issues of solid waste. In this study, a composting method whereby food wastes are converted into compost through decomposition by inoculants. The decomposition rate of the food wastes and dried leaves was enhanced by the compost functions as fertilisers for soil and plants. The proposed modified compost bin is an effective solution to decompose the food wastes which are placed evenly alternating between the dead leaves. The inoculant was poured onto the food waste and then layered by the dead leaves. The ratio of food wastes to dead leaves is 2:1. The inoculants used were Effective Microorganisms (EM), vermitea (VCT), obsolete pasteurised milk (OPM) and the control bin without any inoculant, respectively. The temperature and pH of each compost were monitored every three to four days for 10 weeks. It was found that the EM assisted compost stabilised faster compared to the other three of the VCT, OPM and control composts. By week 7, the EM compost has achieved all the criterion to be considered as stable and matured compost whereas the VCT compost achieved all the criterion only by week 9 but the OPM assisted compost did not meet all the criterion even by week 10. In week 7, the EM assisted compost showed the temperature of 22.4±0.55°C with pH 7.7±0.01. The moisture content, in the beginning, was 56{\%} and at the end was 32{\%} with a decreased of 24{\%}. The C/N ratio is 12.48 and the germination test using mung beans showed that the compost has achieved 75{\%} and is suitable to be used as fertilizer.",
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Kamaruddin, MA, Norashiddin, FA, Idrus, AFM, Zawawi, MH & Alrozi, R 2018, A study on the effects of different microbial inoculants on the decomposition of organic waste by using semi passive aerated reactor. in MFBM Tahir, R Ahmad, MNBM Saad, MFB Ghazli, MMA-B Abdullah, SZBA Rahim & LB Jamaludin (eds), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018., 020199, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2030, American Institute of Physics Inc., 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 29/04/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066840

A study on the effects of different microbial inoculants on the decomposition of organic waste by using semi passive aerated reactor. / Kamaruddin, M. A.; Norashiddin, F. A.; Idrus, A. F.M.; Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz; Alrozi, R.

Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. ed. / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir; Romisuhani Ahmad; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020199 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Norashiddin, F. A.

AU - Idrus, A. F.M.

AU - Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz

AU - Alrozi, R.

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N2 - Food wastes disposed at landfills can be recovered and transformed into value-added product, which helps to solve the environmental issues of solid waste. In this study, a composting method whereby food wastes are converted into compost through decomposition by inoculants. The decomposition rate of the food wastes and dried leaves was enhanced by the compost functions as fertilisers for soil and plants. The proposed modified compost bin is an effective solution to decompose the food wastes which are placed evenly alternating between the dead leaves. The inoculant was poured onto the food waste and then layered by the dead leaves. The ratio of food wastes to dead leaves is 2:1. The inoculants used were Effective Microorganisms (EM), vermitea (VCT), obsolete pasteurised milk (OPM) and the control bin without any inoculant, respectively. The temperature and pH of each compost were monitored every three to four days for 10 weeks. It was found that the EM assisted compost stabilised faster compared to the other three of the VCT, OPM and control composts. By week 7, the EM compost has achieved all the criterion to be considered as stable and matured compost whereas the VCT compost achieved all the criterion only by week 9 but the OPM assisted compost did not meet all the criterion even by week 10. In week 7, the EM assisted compost showed the temperature of 22.4±0.55°C with pH 7.7±0.01. The moisture content, in the beginning, was 56% and at the end was 32% with a decreased of 24%. The C/N ratio is 12.48 and the germination test using mung beans showed that the compost has achieved 75% and is suitable to be used as fertilizer.

AB - Food wastes disposed at landfills can be recovered and transformed into value-added product, which helps to solve the environmental issues of solid waste. In this study, a composting method whereby food wastes are converted into compost through decomposition by inoculants. The decomposition rate of the food wastes and dried leaves was enhanced by the compost functions as fertilisers for soil and plants. The proposed modified compost bin is an effective solution to decompose the food wastes which are placed evenly alternating between the dead leaves. The inoculant was poured onto the food waste and then layered by the dead leaves. The ratio of food wastes to dead leaves is 2:1. The inoculants used were Effective Microorganisms (EM), vermitea (VCT), obsolete pasteurised milk (OPM) and the control bin without any inoculant, respectively. The temperature and pH of each compost were monitored every three to four days for 10 weeks. It was found that the EM assisted compost stabilised faster compared to the other three of the VCT, OPM and control composts. By week 7, the EM compost has achieved all the criterion to be considered as stable and matured compost whereas the VCT compost achieved all the criterion only by week 9 but the OPM assisted compost did not meet all the criterion even by week 10. In week 7, the EM assisted compost showed the temperature of 22.4±0.55°C with pH 7.7±0.01. The moisture content, in the beginning, was 56% and at the end was 32% with a decreased of 24%. The C/N ratio is 12.48 and the germination test using mung beans showed that the compost has achieved 75% and is suitable to be used as fertilizer.

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M3 - Conference contribution

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A2 - Tahir, Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd

A2 - Ahmad, Romisuhani

A2 - Saad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat

A2 - Ghazli, Mohd Fathullah Bin

A2 - Abdullah, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri

A2 - Rahim, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd.

A2 - Jamaludin, Liyana Binti

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

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Kamaruddin MA, Norashiddin FA, Idrus AFM, Zawawi MH, Alrozi R. A study on the effects of different microbial inoculants on the decomposition of organic waste by using semi passive aerated reactor. In Tahir MFBM, Ahmad R, Saad MNBM, Ghazli MFB, Abdullah MMA-B, Rahim SZBA, Jamaludin LB, editors, Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020199. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066840