A study on the effects of carbon to nitrogen layers in semi passive aerated reactor for organic waste decomposition

M. A. Kamaruddin, A. F.M. Idrus, F. A. Norashiddin, Mohd Hafiz Zawawi, R. Alrozi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The decomposition of green waste and brown waste in relative proportions of 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1 was studied in three successive experiments conducted at Desasiswa Bakti Permai, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang. The research involved the determination of the quality of compost produced from the different mixture ratio of green waste and brown waste. Three different 200L capacity reactor that made of 4mm thick poly vinyl chloride (PVC) was used as a Semi Passive Aerated Reactor. Temperature and pH were controlled over 89 days (three months) of composting process. Moisture Content, Calorific Value, C:N ratio and Germination Index of the compost product were analyzed. The final moisture content were 23%, 32% and 54% while the final C:N ratio were 23,21 and 14 respectively. The recommended mixture ratio for composting are in relative proportions 3:1 with final C/N ratio of 14 with Moisture content of 52% and 75% germinated seeds.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Design and Manufacture
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018
EditorsMuhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir, Romisuhani Ahmad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad, Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Liyana Binti Jamaludin
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417526
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09 Nov 2018
Event4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018 - Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
Duration: 29 Apr 201830 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2030
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018
CountryViet Nam
CityHo Chi Minh
Period29/04/1830/04/18

Fingerprint

composting
reactors
moisture content
decomposition
nitrogen
carbon
proportion
germination
Malaysia
seeds
chlorides
products
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Kamaruddin, M. A., Idrus, A. F. M., Norashiddin, F. A., Zawawi, M. H., & Alrozi, R. (2018). A study on the effects of carbon to nitrogen layers in semi passive aerated reactor for organic waste decomposition. In M. F. B. M. Tahir, R. Ahmad, M. N. B. M. Saad, M. F. B. Ghazli, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, S. Z. B. A. Rahim, & L. B. Jamaludin (Eds.), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018 [020198] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066839
Kamaruddin, M. A. ; Idrus, A. F.M. ; Norashiddin, F. A. ; Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz ; Alrozi, R. / A study on the effects of carbon to nitrogen layers in semi passive aerated reactor for organic waste decomposition. Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. editor / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir ; Romisuhani Ahmad ; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad ; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli ; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim ; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "The decomposition of green waste and brown waste in relative proportions of 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1 was studied in three successive experiments conducted at Desasiswa Bakti Permai, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang. The research involved the determination of the quality of compost produced from the different mixture ratio of green waste and brown waste. Three different 200L capacity reactor that made of 4mm thick poly vinyl chloride (PVC) was used as a Semi Passive Aerated Reactor. Temperature and pH were controlled over 89 days (three months) of composting process. Moisture Content, Calorific Value, C:N ratio and Germination Index of the compost product were analyzed. The final moisture content were 23{\%}, 32{\%} and 54{\%} while the final C:N ratio were 23,21 and 14 respectively. The recommended mixture ratio for composting are in relative proportions 3:1 with final C/N ratio of 14 with Moisture content of 52{\%} and 75{\%} germinated seeds.",
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Kamaruddin, MA, Idrus, AFM, Norashiddin, FA, Zawawi, MH & Alrozi, R 2018, A study on the effects of carbon to nitrogen layers in semi passive aerated reactor for organic waste decomposition. in MFBM Tahir, R Ahmad, MNBM Saad, MFB Ghazli, MMA-B Abdullah, SZBA Rahim & LB Jamaludin (eds), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018., 020198, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2030, American Institute of Physics Inc., 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 29/04/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066839

A study on the effects of carbon to nitrogen layers in semi passive aerated reactor for organic waste decomposition. / Kamaruddin, M. A.; Idrus, A. F.M.; Norashiddin, F. A.; Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz; Alrozi, R.

Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. ed. / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir; Romisuhani Ahmad; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020198 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - A study on the effects of carbon to nitrogen layers in semi passive aerated reactor for organic waste decomposition

AU - Kamaruddin, M. A.

AU - Idrus, A. F.M.

AU - Norashiddin, F. A.

AU - Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz

AU - Alrozi, R.

PY - 2018/11/9

Y1 - 2018/11/9

N2 - The decomposition of green waste and brown waste in relative proportions of 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1 was studied in three successive experiments conducted at Desasiswa Bakti Permai, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang. The research involved the determination of the quality of compost produced from the different mixture ratio of green waste and brown waste. Three different 200L capacity reactor that made of 4mm thick poly vinyl chloride (PVC) was used as a Semi Passive Aerated Reactor. Temperature and pH were controlled over 89 days (three months) of composting process. Moisture Content, Calorific Value, C:N ratio and Germination Index of the compost product were analyzed. The final moisture content were 23%, 32% and 54% while the final C:N ratio were 23,21 and 14 respectively. The recommended mixture ratio for composting are in relative proportions 3:1 with final C/N ratio of 14 with Moisture content of 52% and 75% germinated seeds.

AB - The decomposition of green waste and brown waste in relative proportions of 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1 was studied in three successive experiments conducted at Desasiswa Bakti Permai, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang. The research involved the determination of the quality of compost produced from the different mixture ratio of green waste and brown waste. Three different 200L capacity reactor that made of 4mm thick poly vinyl chloride (PVC) was used as a Semi Passive Aerated Reactor. Temperature and pH were controlled over 89 days (three months) of composting process. Moisture Content, Calorific Value, C:N ratio and Germination Index of the compost product were analyzed. The final moisture content were 23%, 32% and 54% while the final C:N ratio were 23,21 and 14 respectively. The recommended mixture ratio for composting are in relative proportions 3:1 with final C/N ratio of 14 with Moisture content of 52% and 75% germinated seeds.

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U2 - 10.1063/1.5066839

DO - 10.1063/1.5066839

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - AIP Conference Proceedings

BT - Green Design and Manufacture

A2 - Tahir, Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd

A2 - Ahmad, Romisuhani

A2 - Saad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat

A2 - Ghazli, Mohd Fathullah Bin

A2 - Abdullah, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri

A2 - Rahim, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd.

A2 - Jamaludin, Liyana Binti

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -

Kamaruddin MA, Idrus AFM, Norashiddin FA, Zawawi MH, Alrozi R. A study on the effects of carbon to nitrogen layers in semi passive aerated reactor for organic waste decomposition. In Tahir MFBM, Ahmad R, Saad MNBM, Ghazli MFB, Abdullah MMA-B, Rahim SZBA, Jamaludin LB, editors, Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020198. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066839