A review on the engine performance and exhaust emission characteristics of diesel engines fueled with biodiesel blends

Natalina Damanik, Hwai Chyuan Ong, Chong Wen Tong, T.m. Indra Mahlia, Arridina Susan Silitonga

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biodiesels have gained much popularity because they are cleaner alternative fuels and they can be used directly in diesel engines without modifications. In this paper, a brief review of the key studies pertaining to the engine performance and exhaust emission characteristics of diesel engines fueled with biodiesel blends, exhaust aftertreatment systems, and low-temperature combustion technology is presented. In general, most biodiesel blends result in a significant decrease in carbon monoxide and total unburned hydrocarbon emissions. There is also a decrease in carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, and total unburned hydrocarbon emissions while the engine performance increases for diesel engines fueled with biodiesels blended with nano-additives. The development of automotive technologies, such as exhaust gas recirculation systems and low-temperature combustion technology, also improves the thermal efficiency of diesel engines and reduces nitrogen oxide and particulate matter emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15307-15325
Number of pages19
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume25
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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