A review on industrial scale anaerobic digestion systems deployment in Malaysia

Opportunities and challenges

Kumaran Palanisamy, David Hephzibah, Ranganathan Sivasankari, Saifuddin M. Nomanbhay, Abd Halim Shamsuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Depletion of fossil fuels and environment deterioration has led to extensive research and development activities to explore renewable energy such as biogas generation from anaerobic digestion of waste for power generation. Anaerobic digestion of waste to generate methane (CH4) has been proven to be a very promising alternative to waste disposal and a valuable technology for renewable energy recovery. Although anaerobic digestion is proven to be a feasible and economically viable technology for renewable energy generation of wastes in many developed countries like Germany, there are challenges in implementing this technology in Malaysia. This paper reviews the potential for biogas production from various waste water treatment and waste management industries in Malaysia and current state of anaerobic digester deployment in Malaysia. It also discusses on the benefits and barriers for anaerobic digestion technology deployment to harness the biogas energy potential to support the renewable energy target in Malaysia. The analysis has shown that anaerobic digestion technology deployment has the potential of 1694 MW of electricity generation in 2014 and projected 22.35 TW.h of energy substitution potential by the year 2020. Hence, the analysis has shown that an active promotion and pursuant to anaerobic digestion deployment in Malaysia, a potential electricity generation capacity of 2135 MW and emission avoidance potential of 11.35 Mt of CO2 equivalent can be accomplished by the year 2020.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)929-940
Number of pages12
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2016

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Anaerobic digestion
Biogas
Electricity
Waste management
Potential energy
Water treatment
Fossil fuels
Waste disposal
Power generation
Deterioration
Methane
Wastewater
Substitution reactions
Recovery
Industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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A review on industrial scale anaerobic digestion systems deployment in Malaysia : Opportunities and challenges. / Palanisamy, Kumaran; Hephzibah, David; Sivasankari, Ranganathan; M. Nomanbhay, Saifuddin; Shamsuddin, Abd Halim.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 56, 01.04.2016, p. 929-940.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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