A review: Fundamentals of computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) provides numerical approximation to the equations that govern fluid motion. Application of the CFD to analyze a fluid problem requires the following steps. First, the mathematical equations describing the fluid flow are written. These are usually a set of partial differential equations. These equations are then discretized to produce a numerical analogue of the equations. The domain is then divided into small grids or elements. Finally, the initial conditions and the boundary conditions of the specific problem are used to solve these equations. All CFD codes contain three main elements: (1) A pre-processor, which is used to input the problem geometry, generate the grid, and define the flow parameter and the boundary conditions to the code. (2) A flow solver, which is used to solve the governing equations of the flow subject to the conditions provided. There are four different methods used as a flow solver: (i) finite difference method; (ii) finite element method, (iii) finite volume method. (3) A post-processor, which is used to massage the data and show the results in graphical and easy to read format.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Design and Manufacture
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018
EditorsMuhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir, Romisuhani Ahmad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad, Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Liyana Binti Jamaludin
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume2030
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417526
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09 Nov 2018
Event4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018 - Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
Duration: 29 Apr 201830 Apr 2018

Other

Other4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018
CountryViet Nam
CityHo Chi Minh
Period29/04/1830/04/18

Fingerprint

computational fluid dynamics
central processing units
grids
boundary conditions
fluids
finite volume method
partial differential equations
fluid flow
format
finite element method
analogs
geometry
approximation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Zawawi, M. H., Saleha, A., Salwa, A., Hassan, N. H., Zahari, N. M., Ramli, M. Z., & Che Muda, Z. (2018). A review: Fundamentals of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). In M. F. B. M. Tahir, R. Ahmad, M. N. B. M. Saad, M. F. B. Ghazli, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, S. Z. B. A. Rahim, & L. B. Jamaludin (Eds.), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018 (Vol. 2030). [020252] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066893
Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz ; Saleha, A. ; Salwa, A. ; Hassan, N. H. ; Zahari, Nazirul Mubin ; Ramli, Mohd Zakwan ; Che Muda, Zakaria. / A review : Fundamentals of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. editor / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir ; Romisuhani Ahmad ; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad ; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli ; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim ; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. Vol. 2030 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018.
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abstract = "Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) provides numerical approximation to the equations that govern fluid motion. Application of the CFD to analyze a fluid problem requires the following steps. First, the mathematical equations describing the fluid flow are written. These are usually a set of partial differential equations. These equations are then discretized to produce a numerical analogue of the equations. The domain is then divided into small grids or elements. Finally, the initial conditions and the boundary conditions of the specific problem are used to solve these equations. All CFD codes contain three main elements: (1) A pre-processor, which is used to input the problem geometry, generate the grid, and define the flow parameter and the boundary conditions to the code. (2) A flow solver, which is used to solve the governing equations of the flow subject to the conditions provided. There are four different methods used as a flow solver: (i) finite difference method; (ii) finite element method, (iii) finite volume method. (3) A post-processor, which is used to massage the data and show the results in graphical and easy to read format.",
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Zawawi, MH, Saleha, A, Salwa, A, Hassan, NH, Zahari, NM, Ramli, MZ & Che Muda, Z 2018, A review: Fundamentals of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). in MFBM Tahir, R Ahmad, MNBM Saad, MFB Ghazli, MMA-B Abdullah, SZBA Rahim & LB Jamaludin (eds), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. vol. 2030, 020252, American Institute of Physics Inc., 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 29/04/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066893

A review : Fundamentals of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). / Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz; Saleha, A.; Salwa, A.; Hassan, N. H.; Zahari, Nazirul Mubin; Ramli, Mohd Zakwan; Che Muda, Zakaria.

Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. ed. / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir; Romisuhani Ahmad; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. Vol. 2030 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020252.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - A review

T2 - Fundamentals of computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

AU - Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz

AU - Saleha, A.

AU - Salwa, A.

AU - Hassan, N. H.

AU - Zahari, Nazirul Mubin

AU - Ramli, Mohd Zakwan

AU - Che Muda, Zakaria

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N2 - Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) provides numerical approximation to the equations that govern fluid motion. Application of the CFD to analyze a fluid problem requires the following steps. First, the mathematical equations describing the fluid flow are written. These are usually a set of partial differential equations. These equations are then discretized to produce a numerical analogue of the equations. The domain is then divided into small grids or elements. Finally, the initial conditions and the boundary conditions of the specific problem are used to solve these equations. All CFD codes contain three main elements: (1) A pre-processor, which is used to input the problem geometry, generate the grid, and define the flow parameter and the boundary conditions to the code. (2) A flow solver, which is used to solve the governing equations of the flow subject to the conditions provided. There are four different methods used as a flow solver: (i) finite difference method; (ii) finite element method, (iii) finite volume method. (3) A post-processor, which is used to massage the data and show the results in graphical and easy to read format.

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Zawawi MH, Saleha A, Salwa A, Hassan NH, Zahari NM, Ramli MZ et al. A review: Fundamentals of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). In Tahir MFBM, Ahmad R, Saad MNBM, Ghazli MFB, Abdullah MMA-B, Rahim SZBA, Jamaludin LB, editors, Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. Vol. 2030. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020252 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066893