### Abstract

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) provides numerical approximation to the equations that govern fluid motion. Application of the CFD to analyze a fluid problem requires the following steps. First, the mathematical equations describing the fluid flow are written. These are usually a set of partial differential equations. These equations are then discretized to produce a numerical analogue of the equations. The domain is then divided into small grids or elements. Finally, the initial conditions and the boundary conditions of the specific problem are used to solve these equations. All CFD codes contain three main elements: (1) A pre-processor, which is used to input the problem geometry, generate the grid, and define the flow parameter and the boundary conditions to the code. (2) A flow solver, which is used to solve the governing equations of the flow subject to the conditions provided. There are four different methods used as a flow solver: (i) finite difference method; (ii) finite element method, (iii) finite volume method. (3) A post-processor, which is used to massage the data and show the results in graphical and easy to read format.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Green Design and Manufacture |

Subtitle of host publication | Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018 |

Editors | Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir, Romisuhani Ahmad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad, Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Liyana Binti Jamaludin |

Publisher | American Institute of Physics Inc. |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9780735417526 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 09 Nov 2018 |

Event | 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018 - Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam Duration: 29 Apr 2018 → 30 Apr 2018 |

### Publication series

Name | AIP Conference Proceedings |
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Volume | 2030 |

ISSN (Print) | 0094-243X |

ISSN (Electronic) | 1551-7616 |

### Other

Other | 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018 |
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Country | Viet Nam |

City | Ho Chi Minh |

Period | 29/04/18 → 30/04/18 |

### Fingerprint

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Physics and Astronomy(all)

### Cite this

*Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018*[020252] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066893

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*Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018.*, 020252, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2030, American Institute of Physics Inc., 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 29/04/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066893

**A review : Fundamentals of computational fluid dynamics (CFD).** / Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz; Saleha, A.; Salwa, A.; Hassan, N. H.; Zahari, Nazirul Mubin; Ramli, Mohd Zakwan; Che Muda, Zakaria.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Conference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - A review

T2 - Fundamentals of computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

AU - Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz

AU - Saleha, A.

AU - Salwa, A.

AU - Hassan, N. H.

AU - Zahari, Nazirul Mubin

AU - Ramli, Mohd Zakwan

AU - Che Muda, Zakaria

PY - 2018/11/9

Y1 - 2018/11/9

N2 - Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) provides numerical approximation to the equations that govern fluid motion. Application of the CFD to analyze a fluid problem requires the following steps. First, the mathematical equations describing the fluid flow are written. These are usually a set of partial differential equations. These equations are then discretized to produce a numerical analogue of the equations. The domain is then divided into small grids or elements. Finally, the initial conditions and the boundary conditions of the specific problem are used to solve these equations. All CFD codes contain three main elements: (1) A pre-processor, which is used to input the problem geometry, generate the grid, and define the flow parameter and the boundary conditions to the code. (2) A flow solver, which is used to solve the governing equations of the flow subject to the conditions provided. There are four different methods used as a flow solver: (i) finite difference method; (ii) finite element method, (iii) finite volume method. (3) A post-processor, which is used to massage the data and show the results in graphical and easy to read format.

AB - Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) provides numerical approximation to the equations that govern fluid motion. Application of the CFD to analyze a fluid problem requires the following steps. First, the mathematical equations describing the fluid flow are written. These are usually a set of partial differential equations. These equations are then discretized to produce a numerical analogue of the equations. The domain is then divided into small grids or elements. Finally, the initial conditions and the boundary conditions of the specific problem are used to solve these equations. All CFD codes contain three main elements: (1) A pre-processor, which is used to input the problem geometry, generate the grid, and define the flow parameter and the boundary conditions to the code. (2) A flow solver, which is used to solve the governing equations of the flow subject to the conditions provided. There are four different methods used as a flow solver: (i) finite difference method; (ii) finite element method, (iii) finite volume method. (3) A post-processor, which is used to massage the data and show the results in graphical and easy to read format.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85057256702&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85057256702&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.5066893

DO - 10.1063/1.5066893

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85057256702

T3 - AIP Conference Proceedings

BT - Green Design and Manufacture

A2 - Tahir, Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd

A2 - Ahmad, Romisuhani

A2 - Saad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat

A2 - Ghazli, Mohd Fathullah Bin

A2 - Abdullah, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri

A2 - Rahim, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd.

A2 - Jamaludin, Liyana Binti

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -